Daniel Z. Skinner

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The phylogenetic relationships of the genus Sorghum and related genera were studied by sequencing the nuclear ribosomal DNA (rDNA) internal transcribed spacer region (ITS). DNA was extracted from 15 Sorghum accessions, including one accession from each of the sections Chaetosorghum and Heterosorghum, four accessions from Parasorghum, two accessions from(More)
Restriction fragment length polymorphism and virulence analyses were used to evaluate the population structure of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae, the rice bacterial blight pathogen, from several rice-growing countries in Asia. Two DNA sequences from X. oryzae pv. oryzae, IS1112, an insertion sequence, and avrXa10, a member of a family of avirulence genes,(More)
The interaction between VRN - A1 and FR - A2 largely affect the frost tolerance of hexaploid wheat. Frost tolerance is critical for wheat survival during cold winters. Natural variation for this trait is mainly associated with allelic differences at the VERNALIZATION 1 (VRN1) and FROST RESISTANCE 2 (FR2) loci. VRN1 regulates the transition between(More)
Creeping bentgrass (Agrostis palustris Huds.) is a cool season grass widely used on putting greens in golf courses. Transformation of creeping bentgrass has been conducted using microprojectile bombardment and protoplast electroporation. The objective of our study is to develop an alternative and more efficient approach in transforming the grass using(More)
Cold-acclimated winter wheat plants were slowly frozen to −10°C, and then the temperature was either maintained at −10°C or was lowered further to −12°C. Expression levels of a total of 423 genes were significantly altered in these treatments; genes upregulated outnumbered those downregulated by about a 9:1 ratio. Sixty-eight genes were upregulated at least(More)
A UV-induced albino strain of Monascus purpureus was subjected to electroporation in the presence of genomic DNA from a wild-type red strain of the fungus. Eight colonies expressed color after several weeks of growth. The growth rates of all eight color variants were significantly greater than the recipient and donor strains under some culture conditions.(More)
The genomic structure of a manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) gene in wheat was elucidated by sequencing a clone from a BAC library of a stripe rust resistant wheat line. The clone was identified by hybridization with a wheat MnSOD cDNA. The gene consisted of 6 exons interrupted by 5 introns with a total length of 4770 nucleotides from the start codon(More)
Numerous sequence variants of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) genes have been found. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to measure the expression levels of three MnSOD genes distinguished by a variable amino acid, and three genes distinguished by sequence variation in the 3′ untranslated region (3′ UTR), in wheat plants(More)
∗ Corresponding author Albino strain KB20M1 of Monascus purpureus was genetically transformed to hygromycin B resistance with cosmid pMOcosX, using biolistic bombardment. Conidia and mycelial fragments were used as the recipient material and rupture disk strengths of 6.2 and 9.3 MPa each yielded a transformed isolate from five bombardments. Southern(More)
The amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) assay is an efficient method for the identification of molecular markers useful in the improvement of numerous crop species. The identification of AFLP markers linked to disease resistance genes has been shown in segregating populations from crosses of inbred lines. The development of inbred lines in alfalfa(More)