Daniel Wheeler

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In eusocial insects, polyandrous mating has the potential to reduce genetic relatedness of individuals within a colony, which may have a profound effect on the stability and social structure of the colony. Here we present evidence that multiple mating is common in both males and females of the desert leaf-cutter ant Acromyrmex versicolor. Females seem to(More)
Many psychologists who study cognition believe that perception achieves object-centered representations that make it possible to extract representations of how the object would appear from differing viewpoints. Others believe we can achieve representations of how an object would appear by a process of visualization or mental rotation. We report experiments(More)
When a figure moves behind a narrow aperture in an opaque surface, if it is perceived as a figure, its shape will often appear distorted. Under such anorthoscopic conditions, the speed or direction of the object's motion is ambiguous. However, when the observer simultaneously tracks a moving target, a figure is always perceived, and its precise shape is a(More)
To facilitate the study of mating biology in the desert leaf-cutter antAcromyrmex versicolor, methods were developed that allowed storage and easy quantification of sperm samples collected from both male and female reproductive tracts. Sperm samples stored frozen were sonicated, stained with a fluorescent DNA stain, and the fluorescence emitted by the(More)
Induced movement occurs not only when an object surrounding a stationary one moves below threshold but when it moves above threshold. The above-threshold effect is particularly puzzling and seemingly irrational because the relative displacement should be fully accounted for by perceiving the moving object in motion. The accepted theory has been that such(More)
Superconformal electrodeposition of copper is explained by the recently developed curvature-enhanced-accelerator coverage (CEAC) model, which is based on the assumptions that 1) the local growth velocity is proportional to the surface coverage of the accelerator, or catalyst, and 2) the catalyst remains segregated at the metal/electrolyte interface during(More)
Experiments are described which support the theory that the perception of a plane receding in depth is based on a process of construction. Displays were created which eliminated direct or higher-order stimulus information concerning the orientation of a plane, such as texture gradients or perspective. Instead, objects and the shadows they cast sufficed to(More)
The electronic structures of the three oxidation states of the “noninnocent” ligand 3,6-di-tert-butylorthoquinone (3,6-DTBQ) have been studied by nonlocal gradient-corrected density functional theory. Optimized structures obtained at the B3LYP/6-31G* and BLYP/6-31G* levels show that neutral 3,6-DTBQ has two equivalent C-O double bonds and a nonaromatic(More)
Bimolecular quenching between photosensitizers and exchange-coupled transition metal complexes has been studied in an effort to experimentally establish a link between Heisenberg spin exchange and chemical reactivity. The acceptors are members of the oxo/hydroxo-biscarboxylato class of dinuclear Fe(III) compounds, where protonation of the oxo bridge(More)