Daniel Wenning

Learn More
Transient elastography (TE) is a new technique for the non-invasive assessment of liver fibrosis. The degree of fibrosis is equivalent to the liver stiffness measured in kilopascal (kPa). It is frequently used in adult patients with a mean normal stiffness of 4.4-5.5 kPa. Since 2008, liver stiffness can be measured even in small children and infants(More)
BACKGROUND The identification of strategies to improve mutant CFTR function remains a key priority in the development of new treatments for cystic fibrosis (CF). Previous studies demonstrated that the K⁺ channel opener 1-ethyl-2-benzimidazolone (1-EBIO) potentiates CFTR-mediated Cl⁻ secretion in cultured cells and mouse colon. However, the effects of 1-EBIO(More)
A 10-year-old Arabic boy of consanguineous parents has suffered eight episodes of acute liver failure with haemolysis triggered by intercurrent febrile illnesses. The first crisis occurred at 9 months of age, after which diabetes mellitus developed. By the age of 6 years, short stature, mild myopathy and later skeletal epiphyseal dysplasia also became(More)
BACKGROUND Cholestatic pruritus may severely compromise quality of life. The Molecular Adsorbents Recirculating System (MARS) allows removal of pruritogenic substances without exposure to foreign proteins. Pediatric data, however, are scant. METHODS We retrospectively analyzed the efficacy of MARS in three boys with severe cholestatic pruritus. They(More)
Mutations in the gene encoding the canalicular bile salt export pump (BSEP) can result in progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis type 2 (PFIC-2). Treatment options are limited, and PFIC-2 often necessitates liver transplantation. We report on a young woman and a boy who clinically presented with PFIC-2 phenotypes and dramatically improved with(More)
PFIC due to BSEP mutations (PFIC type 2) often necessitates OLT. It has recently been recognized that some PFIC-2 patients develop phenotypic disease recurrence post-OLT due to the appearance of anti-BSEP antibodies. Here, we describe a boy who became cholestatic four yr after OLT during modification of immunosuppression. Canalicular antibody deposits were(More)
pLTx is a highly complex procedure. It can only be performed safely by experienced teams. Starting a new pLTx program in a country with established centers must therefore avoid a learning curve. We have initiated a liver transplantation program for children in 2003. Medical standards were defined by a team of surgeons, pediatricians, radiologists,(More)
BACKGROUND In randomized controlled trials in adult patients the use of prophylactic broad-spectrum antibiotic reduces the number of insertion site and systemic infections, associated with placement of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tubes. For pediatric patients no such trials exist. The aim of this study was to assess the value of antibiotic(More)
Nowadays liver transplantation is an established treatment for children with end-stage liver disease with very good 1- and 5-year survival. This has been achieved through constant improvement of surgical techniques, new immunosuppressive drugs and clinical management. Indications for liver transplantation in infants and children include acute liver failure(More)
The bile salt export pump BSEP mediates bile formation. Over 150 BSEP mutations are associated with progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis type 2 (PFIC-2), with few characterised specifically. We examined liver tissues from two PFIC-2 patients compound heterozygous for the splice-site mutation c.150 + 3A > C and either c.2783_2787dup5 resulting in a(More)