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Visual field deficits due to optic radiation injury are a common complication of temporal lobectomy in epilepsy surgery. In this prospective study, diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) based fiber tracking was performed on 48 patients who had temporal lobectomy for pharmaco-resistant epilepsy. Pre- and intra-operative DTI based fiber tracking was used to(More)
Focal cortical dysplasias (FCD) which represent a composite group of cortical malformations are increasingly recognized as morphological substrate for severe therapy-refractory epilepsy in children and young adults. However, presurgical evaluation remains challenging as not all FCD variants can be reliably detected by high-resolution magnetic resonance(More)
Mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS) is the most common lesion in chronic, intractable temporal lobe epilepsies (TLE) and characterized by segmental neuronal cell loss in major hippocampal segments. Another histopathological hallmark includes granule cell dispersion (GCD), an architectural disturbance of the dentate gyrus encountered in approximately 50% of(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of maternally derived antibodies on induction of protective immune responses against bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) type II in young calves vaccinated with a modified-live bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) type I vaccine. DESIGN Blinded controlled challenge study. ANIMALS 24 neonatal Holstein and Holstein-cross(More)
PURPOSE Long-term epilepsy associated tumors (LEATs) are a frequent cause of drug-resistant partial epilepsy. A reliable tumor diagnosis has an important impact on therapeutic strategies and prognosis in patients with epilepsy, but often is difficult by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) only. Herein we analyzed a large LEAT cohort investigated by(More)
PURPOSE This study aimed to analyze magnetoencephalography (MEG) localizations of epileptic clusters in different cortical regions of the frontal lobe and relate these findings to postoperative outcomes associated with frontal lobe epilepsy (FLE). METHODS Thirty-nine patients from the Epilepsy Center of Erlangen-Nuremberg University with or without(More)
The dentate gyrus (DG) plays a pivotal role in the functional and anatomical organization of the hippocampus and is involved in learning and memory formation. However, the impact of structural DG abnormalities, i.e., granule cell dispersion (GCD), for hippocampal seizure susceptibility and its association with distinct lesion patterns in epileptic(More)
The hippocampal dentate gyrus maintains its capacity to generate new neurons throughout life. In animal models, hippocampal neurogenesis is increased by cognitive tasks, and experimental ablation of neurogenesis disrupts specific modalities of learning and memory. In humans, the impact of neurogenesis on cognition remains unclear. Here, we assessed the(More)
In treatment-resistant patients with acromegaly, pharmacotherapy with pegvisomant (Somavert) is a highly effective option. However, safety concerns have been raised related to a potential increase in tumor size during long-term pegvisomant treatment. Therefore, neuroradiological monitoring of tumor extension and volume was performed in the German(More)
The penetration of ofloxacin into prostatic fluid, ejaculate and seminal fluid was measured by a high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) method after intravenous infusion (60 min) of 400 mg in six healthy male volunteers. The median concentration of ofloxacin in prostatic fluid was about one-third and that in ejaculate and seminal fluid about twice that(More)