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Visual field deficits due to optic radiation injury are a common complication of temporal lobectomy in epilepsy surgery. In this prospective study, diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) based fiber tracking was performed on 48 patients who had temporal lobectomy for pharmaco-resistant epilepsy. Pre- and intra-operative DTI based fiber tracking was used to(More)
Mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS) is the most common lesion in chronic, intractable temporal lobe epilepsies (TLE) and characterized by segmental neuronal cell loss in major hippocampal segments. Another histopathological hallmark includes granule cell dispersion (GCD), an architectural disturbance of the dentate gyrus encountered in approximately 50% of(More)
Focal cortical dysplasias (FCD) which represent a composite group of cortical malformations are increasingly recognized as morphological substrate for severe therapy-refractory epilepsy in children and young adults. However, presurgical evaluation remains challenging as not all FCD variants can be reliably detected by high-resolution magnetic resonance(More)
In patients with pharmacoresistant focal epilepsy,we demonstrate that magnetoencephalography (MEG) detects spike-locked and spike-independent epileptic high gamma oscillations (HGOs) using combined MEG and invasive electroencephalography (iEEG) from subdural macroelectrodes. Six patients, who underwent presurgical workup for epilepsy surgery with(More)
The dentate gyrus (DG) plays a pivotal role in the functional and anatomical organization of the hippocampus and is involved in learning and memory formation. However, the impact of structural DG abnormalities, i.e., granule cell dispersion (GCD), for hippocampal seizure susceptibility and its association with distinct lesion patterns in epileptic(More)
The hippocampal dentate gyrus maintains its capacity to generate new neurons throughout life. In animal models, hippocampal neurogenesis is increased by cognitive tasks, and experimental ablation of neurogenesis disrupts specific modalities of learning and memory. In humans, the impact of neurogenesis on cognition remains unclear. Here, we assessed the(More)
PURPOSE This study aimed to analyze magnetoencephalography (MEG) localizations of epileptic clusters in different cortical regions of the frontal lobe and relate these findings to postoperative outcomes associated with frontal lobe epilepsy (FLE). METHODS Thirty-nine patients from the Epilepsy Center of Erlangen-Nuremberg University with or without(More)
BACKGROUND Surgical treatment of brainstem cavernous angioma involving eloquent fiber tracts is one of the most challenging areas of contemporary neurosurgery. Diffusion tensor imaging-based fiber tracking adds essential information for preoperative planning in neurosurgical practice. Integration of the tractography into neuronavigation system makes it(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation of ictal semiology with localization and/or lateralization by magnetoencephalography (MEG). METHODS Seven patients from the Neurology Department of the University Hospital Erlangen who underwent resective surgery for frontal lobe epilepsy (FLE) with an Engel 1a outcome were investigated(More)
BACKGROUND Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and white matter tractography (WMT) are promising techniques for estimating the course, extent, and connectivity patterns of the white matter (WM) structures in the human brain. In this study, we investigated the ability of DTI and WMT to visualize white matter tract involvement for the preoperative surgical(More)