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The Brachyury (T) gene is required for mesoderm formation in the mouse. In this paper we describe the cloning and expression of a Xenopus homolog of Brachyury, Xbra. As with Brachyury in the mouse, Xbra is expressed in presumptive mesodermal cells around the blastopore, and then in the notochord. We show that expression of Xbra occurs as a result of(More)
In Drosophila three maternal pattern organizing activities, the anterior, the posterior, and the terminal, establish the anterior-posterior body pattern of the embryo by initiating the spatially restricted activities of the gap class of zygotic segmentation genes. The activities of tailless (tll) and the newly identified gap gene huckebein (hkb) are(More)
Visual field deficits due to optic radiation injury are a common complication of temporal lobectomy in epilepsy surgery. In this prospective study, diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) based fiber tracking was performed on 48 patients who had temporal lobectomy for pharmaco-resistant epilepsy. Pre- and intra-operative DTI based fiber tracking was used to(More)
Mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS) is the most common lesion in chronic, intractable temporal lobe epilepsies (TLE) and characterized by segmental neuronal cell loss in major hippocampal segments. Another histopathological hallmark includes granule cell dispersion (GCD), an architectural disturbance of the dentate gyrus encountered in approximately 50% of(More)
We have isolated the Drosophila melanogaster homolog (Dint-1) of int-1, a conserved cellular oncogene implicated in viral mammary tumorigenesis in mice. The deduced Dint-1 protein sequence contains 468 amino acids and starts with a hydrophobic leader; it is 54% identical to the int-1 sequence, and all 23 cysteine residues are conserved. The putative(More)
Much of our present knowledge of the biological processes involved in pattern formation in Drosophila is derived from segmentation analysis. Comparatively little is known about the genetic requirement and mechanisms underlying the formation and separation of germ layers by morphogenetic movements during gastrulation. Here we show that the Drosophila gene(More)
The expression of most Drosophila segmentation genes is not limited to the early blastoderm stage, when the segmental anlagen are determined. Rather, these genes are often expressed in a variety of organs and tissues at later stages of development. In contrast to the early expression, little is known about the regulatory interactions that govern the later(More)
The dentate gyrus (DG) plays a pivotal role in the functional and anatomical organization of the hippocampus and is involved in learning and memory formation. However, the impact of structural DG abnormalities, i.e., granule cell dispersion (GCD), for hippocampal seizure susceptibility and its association with distinct lesion patterns in epileptic(More)
PURPOSE This study aimed to analyze magnetoencephalography (MEG) localizations of epileptic clusters in different cortical regions of the frontal lobe and relate these findings to postoperative outcomes associated with frontal lobe epilepsy (FLE). METHODS Thirty-nine patients from the Epilepsy Center of Erlangen-Nuremberg University with or without(More)