Daniel W Foster

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The requirement for carnitine and the malonyl-CoA sensitivity of carnitine palmitoyl-transferase I (EC 2.3.1.21) were measured in isolated mitochondria from eight tissues of animal or human origin using fixed concentrations of palmitoyl-CoA (50 microM) and albumin (147 microM). The Km for carnitine spanned a 20-fold range, rising from about 35 microM in(More)
We set out to determine if the cDNA encoding a carnitine palmitoyltransferase (CPT)-like protein recently isolated from rat brown adipose tissue (BAT) by Yamazaki et al. (Yamazaki, N., Shinohara, Y., Shima, A., and Terada, H. (1995) FEBS Lett. 363, 41-45) actually encodes the muscle isoform of mitochondrial CPT I (M-CPT I). To this end, a cDNA essentially(More)
The radioisotopic assay for carnitine first described by Cederblad and Lindstedt (Clin. Chim. Acta. 37:235-543, 1972) and modified by Bohmer et al (Clin. Chim. Acta. 57:55-61, 1974) has been improved and simplified. As a result, the assay yields a linear response over a wide range of carnitine concentrations without the need for excessive amounts of labeled(More)
We sought to explore the emerging concept that malonyl-CoA generation, with concomitant suppression of mitochondrial carnitine palmitoyltransferase I (CPT I), represents an important component of glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) by the pancreatic beta-cell (Prentki M, Vischer S, Glennon MC, Regazzi R, Deeney JT, Corkey BE: Malonyl-CoA and(More)
The expression pattern of mitochondrial carnitine palmitoyltransferase (CPT) enzymes was examined in the developing rat heart. Whereas the specific activity of CPT II increased approximately 3-fold during the first month of life, the profile for CPT I, which is composed of both liver (L) and muscle (M) isoforms, was more complex. Exposure of mitochondria to(More)
We report the isolation and characterization of a full-length cDNA encoding rat liver carnitine palmitoyltransferase I (CPT I). Oligonucleotides corresponding to two tryptic peptides derived from the malonyl-CoA/etomoxir-CoA-binding protein of rat liver mitochondria (Esser, V., Kuwajima, M., Britton, C. H., Krishnan, K., Foster, D. W., and McGarry, J. D.(More)
Studied on the oxidation of oleic and octanoic acids to ketone bodies were carried out in homogenates and in mitochondrial fractions of livers taken from fed and fasted rats. Malonyl-CoA inhibited ketogenesis from the former but not from the latter substrate. The site of inhibition appeared to be the carnitine acyltransferase I reaction. The effect was(More)