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Internalization is at study in social-behavioural sciences and moral philosophy since long; of late, the debate was revamped within the rationality approach to the study of cooperation and compliance since internalization is a less costly and more reliable enforcement system than social control. But how does it work? So far, poor attention was paid to the(More)
We present the notion of Social Instruments as mechanisms that facilitate the emergence of conventions from repeated interactions between members of a society. Specifically, we focus on two social instruments: rewiring and observation. Our main goal is to provide agents with tools that allow them to leverage their social network of interactions when(More)
Social conventions are useful self-sustaining protocols for groups to coordinate behavior without a centralized entity enforcing coordination. We perform an in-depth study of different network structures, to compare and evaluate the effects of different network topologies on the success and rate of emergence of social conventions. While others have(More)
Societal norms or conventions help identify one of many appropriate behaviors during an interaction between agents. The offline study of norms is an active research area where one can reason about normative systems and include research on designing and enforcing appropriate norms at specification time. In our work, we consider the problem of the emergence(More)
As explained by Axelrod in his seminal work An Evolutionary Approach to Norms, punishment is a key mechanism to achieve the necessary social control and to impose social norms in a self-regulated society. In this paper, we distinguish between two enforcing mechanisms. i.e. punishment and sanction , focusing on the specific ways in which they favor the(More)
Material punishment has been suggested to play a key role in sustaining human cooperation. Experimental findings, however, show that inflicting mere material costs does not always increase cooperation and may even have detrimental effects. Indeed, ethnographic evidence suggests that the most typical punishing strategies in human ecologies (e.g., gossip,(More)
Our main interest research is focused on reaching a decentralized form of social order through the usage of social norms in virtual communities. In this paper, we analyze the effects of different sets of social norms within a society. The simulation scenario used for the experiments is a metaphor of a resource-gatherer prehistoric society. Finally, we(More)
In this paper we present an application build on top of electronic institutions in order to create a remote experimental platform for human and virtual agents. Our software objectives are twofold: (1) provide experiment designers with a tool to design an experiment where human and virtual agents will interact, and, (2) provide experimental subjects with a(More)