Daniel V LaBarbera

Learn More
INTRODUCTION For the past 30 years 2D-cell-based assay models have dominated preclinical cancer drug discovery efforts. 2D-cell-based models fail to predict in vivo efficacy, contributing to a lower success rate and higher cost required to translate an investigational new drug to clinical approval. Technological advances in 3D-cell culture models bridge the(More)
Neoamphimedine, a pyridoacridine alkaloid from Xestospongia sp., is a potent antitumor agent both in vitro and in vivo. Neoamphimedine can efficiently induce topoisomerase II mediated catenation of plasmid DNA in vitro and is the only member of more than one hundred pyridoacridines thus far to have this mechanism of action. Herein we report the first total(More)
Progestins play a deleterious role in the onset of breast cancer, yet their influence on existing breast cancer and tumor progression is not well understood. In luminal estrogen receptor (ER)- and progesterone receptor (PR)-positive breast cancer, progestins induce a fraction of cells to express cytokeratin 5 (CK5), a marker of basal epithelial and(More)
Recently, we characterized neoamphimedine (neo) as an ATP-competitive inhibitor of the ATPase domain of human Topoisomerase IIα. Thus far, neo is the only pyridoacridine with this mechanism of action. One limiting factor in the development of neo as a therapeutic agent has been access to sufficient amounts of material for biological testing. Although there(More)
Despite advancements in therapies developed for the treatment of cancer, patient prognosis and mortality rates have improved minimally, and metastasis remains the primary cause of cancer mortality worldwide. An underlying mechanism promoting metastasis in many types of cancer is epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Here the authors report a novel 3D(More)
Apoptosis is important for normal development and removal of damaged cells. Evasion of apoptosis by cancer cells is one of the key characteristics of many tumor types. Thus, discovering agents that promote apoptosis in tumor cells could have great therapeutic value. Marine natural products have demonstrated great potential as anticancer agents, and the(More)
Chemical investigation of the cytotoxic and anti-tuberculosis active butanone extract obtained from the growth media of the marine-derived fungus Beauveria felina led to the isolation of two new destruxins, [β-Me-Pro] destruxin E chlorohydrin (1) and pseudodestruxin C (3), along with five known cyclic depsipeptides. The structures of the new destruxin(More)
Fractionation of two Fijian specimens of the sponge Corticium sp. led to the isolation of the known active alkaloid steroid plakinamine A and two new halogenated cyclic peptides, corticiamide A (1) and cyclocinamide B (2). Structural elucidation of 1 and 2 was achieved by an extensive combination of high-field NMR and HRFT MS/MS experiments, and the(More)
Type IIα DNA topoisomerase (TopoIIα) is among the most important clinical drug targets for the treatment of cancer. Recently, the DNA repair protein Metnase was shown to enhance TopoIIα activity and increase resistance to TopoIIα poisons. Using in vitro DNA decatenation assays we show that neoamphimedine potently inhibits TopoIIα-dependent DNA decatenation(More)
The imidazoquinoxalinones 1 and 2 are benzimidazole analogues of indole-based marine natural products called makaluvamins. The stabilized cation 1 and the zwitterion 2 were prepared in approximately 9 steps from readily available starting materials. Compound 1 is more cytostatic and cytotoxic than 2 and also shows activity in the hollow fiber assay. Unlike(More)