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Impaired gallbladder motility and delayed intestinal transit contribute to cholesterol gallstone formation by impeding the enterohepatic circulation of bile salts and causing gallbladder stasis. The therapeutic value of erythromycin, a prokinetic motilin analog, was evaluated in an animal model of gallstone formation. Eighty ground squirrels were fed either(More)
Impaired gallbladder motility is an established factor in cholesterol gallstone formation. We assessed whether altered small intestinal smooth muscle contractility with slow transit might potentiate gallstone formation by further impeding enterohepatic cycling of bile acids. Ground squirrels were fed a 1% or a trace (controls) cholesterol diet. Small(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of and risk factors associated with COPD in a rural setting in the Philippines. METHODS The study was conducted in two municipalities in Nueva Ecija province in the Philippines. Using the Burden of Obstructive Lung Disease (BOLD) protocol and study design, non-hospitalized men(More)
The roles of mast cells and extrinsic and vagal neural pathways in the anaphylaxis-induced alterations in motility observed at sites remote from antigen exposure were explored. Rats were sensitized to egg albumin (EA) and prepared with 1) electrodes to monitor intestinal myoelectric activity, 2) an isolated intestinal loop, and 3) either intact vagal(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a commonly reported cause of death and associated with smoking. However, COPD mortality is high in poor countries with low smoking rates. Spirometric restriction predicts mortality better than airflow obstruction, suggesting that the prevalence of restriction could explain mortality rates attributed(More)
This study was to determine whether alterations in jejunal motility observed after antigen challenge of sensitized rats occurred after extirpation of the celiac-superior mesenteric ganglia. Hooded-Lister rats were prepared with an intact or extirpated celiac-superior mesenteric ganglion, an isolated Thiry-Vella loop of ileum for instillation of antigen, and(More)
To determine if Giardia lamblia infection is associated with altered gastrointestinal transit and smooth muscle contractile function, Mongolian gerbils were infected orogastrically with 2 x 10(5) trophozoites (infected) or vehicle (uninfected controls). At the time of peak colonization, control and infected animals were infused either orogastrically or(More)
Fos immunohistochemistry was used to identify myenteric neurons activated as a consequence of intestinal anaphylaxis in Hooded-Lister rats sensitized to egg albumin (EA 10 micrograms ip). After incubation in test solutions, or after in vivo challenge, jejunal tissues were processed for immunohistochemistry with an anti-Fos antibody (1:500, TF161). The(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Antigen challenge of sensitized rats leads to delayed gastric emptying, but the mechanism (gastroparesis or prolonged trituration) and mediators are unknown. METHODS Hooded Lister rats were sensitized by intraperitoneal injection of egg albumin as antigen, and control rats were sham-sensitized. On day 14, antral manometric and(More)