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In eubacteria, translation of defective messenger RNAs (mRNAs) produces truncated polypeptides that stall on the ribosome. A quality control mechanism referred to as trans-translation is performed by transfer-messenger RNA (tmRNA), a specialized RNA acting as both a tRNA and an mRNA, associated with small protein B (SmpB). So far, a clear view of the(More)
The influenza A virus genome consists of eight viral RNAs (vRNAs) that form viral ribonucleoproteins (vRNPs). Even though evidence supporting segment-specific packaging of vRNAs is accumulating, the mechanism ensuring selective packaging of one copy of each vRNA into the viral particles remains largely unknown. We used electron tomography to show that the(More)
BACKGROUND INFORMATION Hsp90 (90 kDa heat-shock protein) plays a key role in the folding and activation of many client proteins involved in signal transduction and cell cycle control. The cycle of Hsp90 has been intimately associated with large conformational rearrangements, which are nucleotide-binding-dependent. However, up to now, our understanding of(More)
The genome of influenza A viruses (IAV) is split into eight viral RNAs (vRNAs) that are encapsidated as viral ribonucleoproteins. The existence of a segment-specific packaging mechanism is well established, but the molecular basis of this mechanism remains to be deciphered. Selective packaging could be mediated by direct interaction between the vRNA(More)
The cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) has an icosahedral capsid composed of the viral protein P4. The viral product P3 is a multifunctional protein closely associated with the virus particle within host cells. The best-characterized function of P3 is its implication in CaMV plant-to-plant transmission by aphid vectors, involving a P3-virion complex. In this(More)
Supramolecular self-assembly is an attractive pathway for bottom-up synthesis of novel nanomaterials. In particular, this approach allows the spontaneous formation of structures of well-defined shapes and monodisperse characteristic sizes. Because nanotechnology mainly relies on size-dependent physical phenomena, the control of monodispersity is required,(More)
A DNA glycosylase that excises, 2,6-diamino-4-hydroxy-5N-methylformamidopyrimidine (Fapy) from double stranded DNA has been purified 28,570-fold from the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Gel filtration chromatography shows that yeast Fapy DNA glycosylase has a molecular weight of about 40 kDa. The Fapy DNA glycosylase is active in the presence of EDTA, but(More)
Performance analysis and prediction of parallel applications using the Message-Passing Interface (MPI) standard is a challenging task. Collecting, organizing, and making sense of profiling data for MPI jobs of even modest scale is difficult and time-consuming. The task is further complicated by the inherent difficulty in interpreting the resulting(More)
We describe the results of a study by electron microscopy and image processing of Gag protein shells-immature capsids--of Mason-Pfizer monkey virus assembled in Escherichia coli from two truncated forms of the Gag precursor: Deltap4Gag, in which the C-terminal p4Gag was deleted, and Pro(-)CA.NC, in which the N-terminal peptides and proline 1 of the CA(More)
Catalytic antibodies are currently being investigated in order to understand their role under physio-pathological situations. To this end, the knowledge of structure–function relationships is of great interest. Recombinant scFv fragments are smaller and easier to genetically manipulate than whole antibodies, making them well suited for this kind of study.(More)