Daniel T. Starczynowski

Learn More
5q- syndrome is a subtype of myelodysplastic syndrome characterized by severe anemia and variable neutropenia but normal or high platelet counts with dysplastic megakaryocytes. We examined expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) encoded on chromosome 5q as a possible cause of haploinsufficiency. We show that deletion of chromosome 5q correlates with loss of two(More)
Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDSs) pose an important diagnostic and treatment challenge because of the genetic heterogeneity and poorly understood biology of the disease. To investigate initiating genomic alterations and the potential prognostic significance of cryptic genomic changes in low-risk MDS, we performed whole genome tiling path array comparative(More)
OBJECTIVE MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short noncoding RNAs capable of exerting dramatic effects by postranscriptionally regulating numerous messenger RNA targets. Toll-like receptor-4 (TLR-4) activation by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induces the expression of three miRNAs in myeloid cells. The aim of this study was to investigate the in vivo consequences of(More)
Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are heterogeneous clonal hematologic malignancies characterized by cytopenias caused by ineffective hematopoiesis and propensity to progress to acute myeloid leukemia. Innate immunity provides immediate protection against pathogens by coordinating activation of signaling pathways in immune cells. Given the prominent role of(More)
Bortezomib (Velcade) is used widely for the treatment of various human cancers; however, its mechanisms of action are not fully understood, particularly in myeloid malignancies. Bortezomib is a selective and reversible inhibitor of the proteasome. Paradoxically, we find that bortezomib induces proteasome-independent degradation of the TRAF6 protein, but not(More)
Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDSs) arise from a defective hematopoietic stem/progenitor cell. Consequently, there is an urgent need to develop targeted therapies capable of eliminating the MDS-initiating clones. We identified that IRAK1, an immune-modulating kinase, is overexpressed and hyperactivated in MDSs. MDS clones treated with a small molecule IRAK1(More)
Cytogenetic alterations, such as amplifications, deletions, or translocations, contribute to myeloid malignancies. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as critical regulators of hematopoiesis, and their aberrant expression has been associated with leukemia. Genomic regions containing sequence alterations and fragile sites in cancers are enriched with miRNAs;(More)
Activation of the Rel/NF-kappaB signal transduction pathway has been associated with a variety of animal and human malignancies. However, among the Rel/NF-kappaB family members, only c-Rel has been consistently shown to be able to malignantly transform cells in culture. In addition, c-rel has been activated by a retroviral promoter insertion in an avian(More)
Somatic mutations and copy number alterations (as a result of deletion or amplification of large portions of a chromosome) are major drivers of human lung cancers. Detailed analysis of lung cancer-associated chromosomal amplifications could identify novel oncogenes. By performing an integrative cytogenetic and gene expression analysis of non-small-cell lung(More)
The Rel/NF-kappa B family is a group of structurally-related, tightly-regulated transcription factors that control the expression of a multitude of genes involved in key cellular and organismal processes. The Rel/NF-kappa B signal transduction pathway is misregulated in a variety of human cancers, especially ones of lymphoid cell origin, due either to(More)