Daniel Sun

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Glutamate is a major neurotransmitter in the retina and other parts of the central nervous system, exerting its influence through ionotropic and metabotropic receptors. One ionotropic receptor, the N-methyl-D-aspartate(NMDA) receptor, is central to neural shaping, but also plays a major role during neuronal development and in disease processes. We studied(More)
We quantitatively tracked the recovery in amino acid labeling and cation channel functionality within distinct retinal elements for up to 2 weeks after an ischemic insult. Pattern recognition analysis of multiple amino acid and agmatine (a cation channel probe; 1-amino-4-guanidobutane; AGB) immunocytochemical patterns was used to classify all neural(More)
The N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) responses of neurons from within the inner rabbit retina were mapped using a channel permeable cation, 1-amino-4-guanidobutane (agmatine, AGB). Serial sections were subsequently probed with immunoglobulins targeting AGB, glutamate, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), and glycine to visualize the NMDA responses of neurochemical(More)
We established a metabolic and functional profile map of the normal rat retina, given the premise that: 1) amino acid neurochemistry reflects metabolic integrity and cellular identity, and 2) the permeation of a cation channel probe, agmatine (1-amino-4-guanidobutane, AGB), reflects cation channel functionality. The purpose was to provide a unique method of(More)
As a nondestructive technique, the indentation test has been used, both in vitro and in vivo, to determine the in situ apparent mechanical properties of cartilage. In this study, a simple new algorithm was developed using the indentation creep test, combined with both biphasic and triphasic analyses to calculate simultaneously the apparent and intrinsic(More)
The main objective of this study is to determine the nature of electric fields inside articular cartilage while accounting for the effects of both streaming potential and diffusion potential. Specifically, we solve two tissue mechano-electrochemical problems using the triphasic theories developed by Lai et al. (1991, ASME J. Biomech Eng., 113, pp. 245-258)(More)
An important step toward understanding signal transduction mechanisms modulating cellular activities is the accurate predictions of the mechanical and electro-chemical environment of the cells in well-defined experimental configurations. Although electro-kinetic phenomena in cartilage are well known, few studies have focused on the electric field inside the(More)
The mammalian retina contains as many as 50-60 unique cell types, many of which have been identified using various neurochemical markers. Retinal neurons express N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), alpha-amino-3-hydroxyl-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid (AMPA), and kainic acid (KA) receptor subunits in various mixtures, densities, and spatial distributions.(More)