High-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV)-DNA testing is frequently performed parallel to cytology for the detection of high-grade dysplasia and cervical cancer particularly in women above 30 years of age. Although highly sensitive, hrHPV testing cannot distinguish between HPV-positive women with or without clinically relevant lesions. However, in principle… (More)
Upper tract urothelial carcinomas in the proximal ureter are an uncommon disease. We present a case in which it was firstly detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization and not by endoscopy and radiologic imaging. Consequently, a radical nephroureterectomy with excision of the bladder cuff was performed as the gold standard treatment.