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Breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP), also known as mitoxantrone resistance protein (MRX) or placenta ABC protein (ABC-P), is the second member of the ABCG subfamily of ABC transport proteins (gene symbol ABCG2). Transfection and enforced expression of BCRP in drug-sensitive cells confers resistance to mitoxantrone, doxorubicin, daunorubicin and(More)
The breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP), also known as mitoxantrone resistance protein (MXR) or placenta ABC protein (ABC-P), is the second member of the ABCG subfamily of ABC transport proteins (gene symbol ABCG2). BCRP has been detected in acute myeloid leukaemia and in breast, colon and gastric cancer but there has been no reports regarding BCRP(More)
The expression of the PRAME gene (preferentially expressed antigen of melanoma) was measured by quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction in 50 children with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML), three samples of CD34(+) stem cells, six bone marrow samples, and 10 peripheral blood samples of healthy donors, as well as three AML(More)
Iron(II) heme-mediated activation of the peroxide bond of artemisinins is thought to generate the radical oxygen species responsible for their antimalarial activity. We analyzed the role of ferrous iron in the cytotoxicity of artemisinins toward tumor cells. Iron(II)-glycine sulfate (Ferrosanol) and transferrin increased the cytotoxicity of free artesunate,(More)
The family of multidrug resistance-associated proteins (MRPs) belongs to the superfamily of adenosine triphosphate-binding-cassette (ABC) transporters, which have the ability to function as outward pumps for chemotherapeutic drugs and therefore might be involved in drug resistance. In this study the expression of the MRP2, MRP3, MRP4, MRP5, and SMRP genes(More)
PURPOSE The family of multidrug resistance-associated proteins (MRPs) belongs to the ATP-binding cassette superfamily of transporters, which have the ability to function as outward pumps for chemotherapeutic drugs. Their structure, function, and substrate specificity have been studied intensively, but little is known about their clinical relevance in(More)
BACKGROUND Monitoring of minimal residual disease (MRD) has become a strong diagnostic tool in acute lymphoblastic leukemia. It is used for risk-adapted therapy and for the recognition of pending relapses. In acute myeloid leukemia (AML), there is still a need for more suitable MRD markers. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN A stepwise approach which combined(More)
The preferentially expressed antigen of melanoma (PRAME) is expressed at high levels in large fractions of human malignancies, e.g., acute myeloid leukemia. Therefore, PRAME is an important marker for diagnosis of various malignant diseases and a relevant parameter for monitoring minimal residual disease. It is supposed to be involved in tumorigenic(More)
Recent studies with very small numbers of patients showed that in some cases of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), preleukemic cells are detectable on Guthrie cards that were used for newborn screening. We present here the largest series of ALL patients (n=32) in whom Guthrie cards were analyzed for the presence of preleukemic cells. Rearranged(More)
Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). The selection of a suitable donor is the most critical issue in preventing severe GVHD. Recent data suggest that the risk of GVHD does not only depend on human leukocyte antigens (HLA) but also on polymorphisms of genes that(More)