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Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP) is one of a family of metalloproteinase inhibitors and a major interstitial inhibitor of collagenase. Transcription of the TIMP gene is induced by such diverse agents as viruses, phorbol esters, serum, and growth factors. We have previously assigned the regulatory elements responsible for induction of(More)
A genomic clone encompassing the entire coding region of a murine gene homologous to human erythroid potentiating activity/tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (EPA/TIMP) was isolated and sequenced. Based on alignment with human EPA/TIMP cDNAs we deduce a structure comprising five exons and four introns extending over 4.3 kb of DNA. In mouse and hamster(More)
We have investigated the regulation of neurofilament gene expression during retinoic acid (RA)-induced neural differentiation of P19 embryonal carcinoma (EC) cells. Western blot analysis demonstrated that P19 EC cells contain significant levels of NF-L protein in the insoluble fraction but undetectable levels of NF-M and NF-H protein in either the insoluble(More)
The zinc-finger transcription factor Krox24 was analysed for its role in differentiation in P19 embryonal carcinoma cells. Reciprocal dominant negative mutants consisting of Krox24 deleted for a crucial region of the zinc-finger domain (delta Krox24) or of the zinc-finger region alone (delta Krox24Zf) abolished the activation of transcription by Krox24 in(More)
We have examined the expression of murine tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMP) in nonmetastatic and metastatic cell lines derived from SP1 murine mammary adenocarcinoma cells. We observed decreased levels of TIMP mRNA and activity in metastatic cells as compared to their nonmetastatic equivalents in the absence of fetal bovine serum. Lower levels(More)
We have recently described the characterization and expression of a murine gene highly homologous to the human tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases/erythroid potentiating activity (TIMP/EPA) gene. We have also reported that expression of this gene is regulated in response to virus infection. In the present report we describe the use of a cDNA clone(More)
The expression of the gene for the murine tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMP) is induced in response to viruses, growth factors, and phorbol esters. In this report we show that the accumulation of TIMP mRNA after Newcastle disease virus induction is caused by transcriptional activation of the gene. Comparison of the sequences of cDNA and genomic(More)
In the current study, we have addressed the role of interferons (IFNs) in controlling the differentiation of pluripotent P19 embryonal carcinoma (EC) cells. Blocking IFN activity in the culture medium of differentiating cells with antibodies leads to a strong decrease in the degree of differentiation. The antibodies are active for a relatively short time.(More)
We examined the enzyme activities associated with progeny subviral particles isolated from L-cells infected with reovirus at 12 h postinfection. Activities normally present in reovirus cores were also found to be present in the progeny subviral particles, with the exception of the capping enzymes. The methylase and guanyl transferase activities, which(More)
Reovirus progeny subviral particles were isolated from L-cells at late times postinfection. It has been shown (D. Skup and S. Millward, J. Virol. 34: 490--496, 1980) that these progeny subviral particles have masked capping enzymes, indicating that mRNA synthesized by these particles should be uncapped. When progeny subviral particles were used for mRNA(More)