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We have investigated the regulation of neurofilament gene expression during retinoic acid (RA)-induced neural differentiation of P19 embryonal carcinoma (EC) cells. Western blot analysis demonstrated that P19 EC cells contain significant levels of NF-L protein in the insoluble fraction but undetectable levels of NF-M and NF-H protein in either the insoluble(More)
A genomic clone encompassing the entire coding region of a murine gene homologous to human erythroid potentiating activity/tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (EPA/TIMP) was isolated and sequenced. Based on alignment with human EPA/TIMP cDNAs we deduce a structure comprising five exons and four introns extending over 4.3 kb of DNA. In mouse and hamster(More)
We have examined the expression of murine tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMP) in nonmetastatic and metastatic cell lines derived from SP1 murine mammary adenocarcinoma cells. We observed decreased levels of TIMP mRNA and activity in metastatic cells as compared to their nonmetastatic equivalents in the absence of fetal bovine serum. Lower levels(More)
Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP) is one of a family of metalloproteinase inhibitors and a major interstitial inhibitor of collagenase. Transcription of the TIMP gene is induced by such diverse agents as viruses, phorbol esters, serum, and growth factors. We have previously assigned the regulatory elements responsible for induction of(More)
We have recently described the characterization and expression of a murine gene highly homologous to the human tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases/erythroid potentiating activity (TIMP/EPA) gene. We have also reported that expression of this gene is regulated in response to virus infection. In the present report we describe the use of a cDNA clone(More)
Activation and repression of IFN gene expression are controlled primarily at the transcriptional level. In order to elucidate some aspects of the induction mechanism of the IFN genes, we examined the effects of different treatments on IFN production in L929 cells, a well-characterized system, and in primary spleen cells. Our results indicate that(More)
The expression of the gene for the murine tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMP) is induced in response to viruses, growth factors, and phorbol esters. In this report we show that the accumulation of TIMP mRNA after Newcastle disease virus induction is caused by transcriptional activation of the gene. Comparison of the sequences of cDNA and genomic(More)
The mechanism(s) by which interferon (IFN)-alpha confers resistance to viruses is currently being characterized. Previous studies have shown that binding of IFN-alpha to its high-affinity receptor activates transcription factor interferon-stimulated gene factor 3 (ISGF3), which positively regulates a number of antiviral genes including 2'-5'-oligoadenylate(More)
The zinc-finger transcription factor Krox24 was analysed for its role in differentiation in P19 embryonal carcinoma cells. Reciprocal dominant negative mutants consisting of Krox24 deleted for a crucial region of the zinc-finger domain (delta Krox24) or of the zinc-finger region alone (delta Krox24Zf) abolished the activation of transcription by Krox24 in(More)
We report here the existence of two naturally occurring RNA molecules that are complementary to the murine L27' ribosomal protein (rp) mRNA. These transcripts are 1.8 and 1.0 kb in length, and are both found in poly(A)+ populations of cytoplasmic and polysomal RNA of a number of established cell lines and in all adult murine tissues examined with the(More)