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Gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) is an important analyte in clinical and forensic toxicology with a narrow detection window of 3-6 h. In the search of improved detection methods, the existence in vivo of a glucuronated GHB metabolite (GHB-GLUC) was hypothesized. Chemically pure standards of GHB-GLUC and a deuterated analogue for chromatography were(More)
Gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) acts as a precursor and metabolite of the inhibitory central nervous system (CNS) neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). Sodium salt of GHB has been used as a medication for narcolepsy and alcohol withdrawal. Moreover, GHB and its precursor gamma-butyrolactone (GBL), are illegal recreational drugs of abuse. A(More)
We present a new class of inhibitors of pancreatic cholesterol esterase (CEase) based on 'priviledged' 5-benzylidenerhodanine and 5-benzylidene-2,4-thiazolidinedione structural scaffolds. The lead structures (5-benzylidenerhodanine 4a and 5-benzylidene-2,4-thiazolidinedione 4b) were identified in an in-house screening and these inhibited CEase with some(More)
In this paper we present revised and significantly improved synthetic routes to 2'-amino-LNA (locked nucleic acid). The optimal route is convergent with the synthesis of LNA monomers ("2'-oxy-LNA") via a common intermediate obtained by a mild deacetylation for the liberation of the 2'-hydroxy group to give compound 23 without the concomitant ring closure(More)
alpha-Diphenylphosphinoyl ketones are selectively and sequentially alkylated at the alpha-position. Double lithiation and selective alkylation occurs at the less stabilised gamma-position. Dephosphinoylation of the alkylation products gives ketones. Mono-alkylation is selective, highly crystalline intermediates are formed and a one-pot strategy is possible.(More)
GPRC6A is a Family C G protein-coupled receptor recently discovered and deorphanized by our group. This study integrates chemogenomic ligand inference, homology modeling, compound synthesis, and pharmacological mechanism-of-action studies to disclose two noticeable results of methodological and pharmacological character: (1) chemogenomic lead identification(More)
LNA guanine and 2,6-diaminopurine (D) phosphoramidites have been synthesized as building blocks for antisense oligonucleotides (ON). The effects of incorporating LNA D into ON were investigated. As expected, LNA D containing ON showed increased affinity towards complementary DNA (Delta Tm +1.6 to +3.0 degrees C) and RNA (Delta Tm +2.6 to +4.6 degrees C) ON.(More)
Herein we outline the antibacterial activity of amino acid containing thiazolidinediones and rhodanines against Gram-positive bacteria Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 31890, Staphylococcus epidermidis and Bacillus subtilis ATCC 6633. The rhodanine derivatives were generally more active than the analogous thiazolidinediones. Compounds of series 5 showed some(More)
Two synthetic routes for the synthesis of amino-triazolodiazepine (Ata) scaffolds are presented. The scope of both of these proceeding through key intra- and intermolecular Huisgen cycloaddition reactions is discussed. The replacement of the His-Pro dipeptide segment in angiotensin IV by the dipeptide mimetic Ata-Gly and subsequent biological evaluation in(More)
Gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) is used as a so-called knock-out drug in drug-facilitated sexual assault. Due to GHB’s short detection window in blood and urine, crime verification remains problematic in many cases. Phase II metabolites can enhance the detectability and prolong the detection window of some lower-molecular-mass molecules, as exemplified by(More)