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Several aspects of alginate and PHB synthesis in Azotobacter vinelandii at a molecular level have been elucidated in articles published during the last ten years. It is now clear that alginate and PHB synthesis are under a very complex genetic control. Genetic modification of A. vinelandii has produced a number of very interesting mutants which have(More)
Azotobacter vinelandii produces two polymers of industrial importance, i.e. alginate and poly-β-hydroxybutyrate (PHB). Alginate synthesis constitutes a waste of substrate when seeking to optimize PHB production and, conversely, synthesis of PHB is undesirable when optimizing alginate production. In this study we evaluated the effect of a mutation in algA,(More)
The Azotobacter vinelandii phbBAC genes encode the enzymes for poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) synthesis. The phbR gene, which is located upstream of and in the opposite direction of phbBAC, encodes PhbR, a transcriptional activator which is a member of the AraC family of activators. Here we report that a mutation in phbR reduced PHB accumulation and(More)
Encystment in Azotobacter vinelandii is induced by n-butanol or beta-hydroxybutyrate (BHB). We identified a gene, encoding an aldehyde dehydrogenase, that was named aldA. An aldA mutation impaired bacterial growth on n-butanol, ethanol, or hexanol as the sole carbon source. Expression of aldA increased in cells shifted from sucrose to n-butanol and was(More)
Alginate is an industrially relevant linear copolymer composed of β-1,4-linked D-mannuronic acid and its C-5 epimer L-guluronic acid. The rheological and gel-forming properties of alginates depend on the molecular weight and the relative content of the two monomers. Alginate produced by Azotobacter vinelandii was shown to be degraded towards the end of the(More)
Strain AJ1678, an Azotobacter vinelandii mutant overproducing the storage polymer poly-β-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) in solid but not liquid complex medium with sucrose, was isolated after mini-Tn5 mutagenesis of strain UW136. Cloning and nucleotide sequencing of the affected locus led to identification of pycA, encoding a protein with high identity to the biotin(More)
The aim of this study was to characterize the influence of the aeration conditions on the production of PHB and its molecular mass in a mutant strain of Azotobacter vinelandii (OPN), which carries a mutation on ptsN, the gene encoding enzyme IIANtr, previously shown to increase the accumulation of PHB. Cultures of A. vinelandii wild-type strain OP and its(More)
Strain DS988, an Azotobacter vinelandii mutant with a reduced capacity to accumulate poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate, was isolated after mini-Tn5 mutagenesis of the UW136 strain. Cloning and nucleotide sequencing of the affected locus revealed a gene homologous to Escherichia coli ptsP which encodes enzyme INtr, a homologue of enzyme I of the phosphoenol(More)
The lipids poly-β-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) and alkylresorcinols are the major metabolic products of Azotobacter vinelandii cysts. Cysts are formed in less than 0.01% of late stationary phase cells grown on sucrose. Culturing vegetative cells in n-butanol or β-hydroxybutyrate induces encystment. After induction of encystment, PHB rapidly accumulates in large(More)