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and Introduction Abstract In atherosclerosis, the vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) contributes to vessel wall inflammation and lipoprotein retention, as well as to the formation of the fibrous cap that provides stability to the plaque. The VSMC can undergo a proliferative response that underlies the development of in-stent restenosis, bypass graft(More)
Upon vascular injury, locally controlled haemostasis prevents life-threatening blood loss and ensures wound healing. Intracellular material derived from damaged cells at these sites will become exposed to blood components and could contribute to blood coagulation and pathological thrombus formation. So far, the functional and mechanistic consequences of(More)
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is characterized by increased proliferation and apoptosis resistance of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs). Forkhead box O (FoxO) transcription factors are key regulators of cellular proliferation. Here we show that in pulmonary vessels and PASMCs of human and experimental PH lungs, FoxO1 expression is downregulated(More)
Die Androgendeprivationstherapie (ADT) ist die tragende Säule der Behandlung des metastasierten Prostatakarzinoms (mPCa), wird aber auch mit dem Auftreten kardiovaskulärer Ereignisse in Verbindung gebracht. Bisher existieren nur wenige Studien, die LHRH-Agonisten und GnRH-Antagonisten in Bezug auf das kardiovaskuläre Risiko direkt miteinander vergleichen.(More)
Forkhead box O (FoxO) transcription factors are important downstream targets of the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway and crucial regulators of cell fate. This function of FoxOs relies on their ability to control diverse cellular functions, including proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, DNA repair, defense against oxidative stress and ageing. FoxOs are(More)
Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) constitute the major cellular component of the vessel tunica media. VSMC proliferation is a key feature in developing vessels and pathological states such as atherosclerosis and restenosis. Transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta is a key regulator of VSMCs, but its effect on VSMC proliferation and apoptosis are(More)
Mechanotransduction represents an integral part of vascular homeostasis and contributes to vascular lesion formation. Previously, we demonstrated a mechanosensitive activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3-K)/protein kinase B (Akt) resulting in p27Kip1 transcriptional downregulation and cell cycle entry of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). In this(More)
OBJECTIVE Bone marrow-derived progenitor cells have been implicated to contribute to neointima formation, but the time course and extent of their accumulation and differentiation into vascular cells and, most importantly, the long-term contribution of bone marrow-derived progenitor cells to the vascular lesion remain undefined. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
OBJECTIVE Apoptotic processes may be implicated in the molecular pathomechanisms of ventricular remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI). The modulation of apoptosis by pro- and anti-apoptotic pathways in the myocardium remote from the infarction, including its link to protein kinase C (PKC), was focus of the present study. METHODS Rats were subjected(More)
The proliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) from the media toward the intimal layer are key components in vascular proliferative diseases. In addition, the differentiation of circulating bone marrow-derived mononuclear cells (BMMCs) into SMCs has been described to contribute to lesion progression in experimental models of(More)