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Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is characterized by increased proliferation and apoptosis resistance of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs). Forkhead box O (FoxO) transcription factors are key regulators of cellular proliferation. Here we show that in pulmonary vessels and PASMCs of human and experimental PH lungs, FoxO1 expression is downregulated(More)
and Introduction Abstract In atherosclerosis, the vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) contributes to vessel wall inflammation and lipoprotein retention, as well as to the formation of the fibrous cap that provides stability to the plaque. The VSMC can undergo a proliferative response that underlies the development of in-stent restenosis, bypass graft(More)
Upon vascular injury, locally controlled haemostasis prevents life-threatening blood loss and ensures wound healing. Intracellular material derived from damaged cells at these sites will become exposed to blood components and could contribute to blood coagulation and pathological thrombus formation. So far, the functional and mechanistic consequences of(More)
Initial trials suggest that bone marrow-derived vasculogenic cells augment neovascularization in patients after myocardial infarction. Moreover, in some experimental settings, they also provide an anti-atherosclerotic effect by maintaining the integrity of the endothelium. Risk factors for coronary artery disease were shown to reduce the number and(More)
In this meeting report, particularly addressing the topic of protection of the cardiovascular system from ischemia/reperfusion injury, highlights are presented that relate to conditioning strategies of the heart with respect to molecular mechanisms and outcome in patients’ cohorts, the influence of co-morbidities and medications, as well as the contribution(More)
Die Androgendeprivationstherapie (ADT) ist die tragende Säule der Behandlung des metastasierten Prostatakarzinoms (mPCa), wird aber auch mit dem Auftreten kardiovaskulärer Ereignisse in Verbindung gebracht. Bisher existieren nur wenige Studien, die LHRH-Agonisten und GnRH-Antagonisten in Bezug auf das kardiovaskuläre Risiko direkt miteinander vergleichen.(More)
Mechanotransduction represents an integral part of vascular homeostasis and contributes to vascular lesion formation. Previously, we demonstrated a mechanosensitive activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3-K)/protein kinase B (Akt) resulting in p27Kip1 transcriptional downregulation and cell cycle entry of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). In this(More)
Forkhead box O (FoxO) transcription factors are important downstream targets of the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway and crucial regulators of cell fate. This function of FoxOs relies on their ability to control diverse cellular functions, including proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, DNA repair, defense against oxidative stress and ageing. FoxOs are(More)
OBJECTIVE Although numerous diseases involving cellular proliferation are also associated with phenotypic changes, there has been little direct evidence that cell phenotype and the cell's response to external stimuli are modified during passage through different phases of the cell cycle. In this study, we demonstrate that an association exists between cell(More)
OBJECTIVE Bone marrow-derived progenitor cells have been implicated to contribute to neointima formation, but the time course and extent of their accumulation and differentiation into vascular cells and, most importantly, the long-term contribution of bone marrow-derived progenitor cells to the vascular lesion remain undefined. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)