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Marek's disease virus (MDV) is an oncogenic herpesvirus that causes various clinical syndromes in its natural host, the chicken. MDV has long been of interest as a model organism, particularly with respect to the pathogenesis and immune control of virus-induced lymphoma in an easily accessible small-animal system. Recent advances in MDV genetics and the(More)
The complete genome of Marek's disease virus serotype 1 (MDV-1) strain 584Ap80C was cloned in Escherichia coli as a bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC). BAC vector sequences were introduced into the U(S)2 locus of the MDV-1 genome by homologous recombination. Viral DNA containing the BAC vector was used to transform Escherichia coli strain DH10B, and(More)
Telomerase is a ribonucleoprotein complex consisting of two essential core components: a reverse transcriptase and an RNA subunit (telomerase RNA [TR]). Dysregulation of telomerase has been associated with cell immortalization and oncogenesis. Marek's disease herpesvirus (MDV) induces a malignant T cell lymphoma in chickens and harbors in its genome two(More)
The equine herpesvirus 1 (EHV-1) alpha-trans-inducing factor homologue (ETIF; VP16-E) is a 60-kDa virion component encoded by gene 12 (ORF12) that transactivates the immediate-early gene promoter. Here we report on the function of EHV-1 ETIF in the context of viral infection. An ETIF-null mutant from EHV-1 strain RacL11 (vL11deltaETIF) was constructed and(More)
The role of glycoprotein E (gE) and gI of Marek's disease virus serotype 1 (MDV-1) for growth in cultured cells was investigated. MDV-1 mutants lacking either gE (20DeltagE), gI (20DeltagI), or both gE and gI (20DeltagEI) were constructed by recE/T-mediated mutagenesis of a recently established infectious bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) clone of MDV-1(More)
A recombinant cell line (SOgE) was established, which was derived from the permanent quail muscle cell line QM7 and constitutively expressed the glycoprotein E (gE) gene of Marek's disease virus serotype 1 (MDV-1). The SOgE cell line supported growth of virulent (RB-1B) and vaccine (CVI988, 584Ap80C) MDV-1 strains at a level comparable with that of primary(More)
Marek's disease (MD) is the leading cause of losses in chicken production in the world. Over the past 40 years significant progress has been made in the control of MD through the use of vaccines which reduce or delay tumor formation in vaccinated flocks. However, these vaccines fail to induce an immune response that protects against infection and virus(More)
The role of the products of the UL10 and the UL49.5 homologous genes of Marek's disease virus serotype 1 (MDV-1) in virus replication was investigated. Deletion of either open reading frame in an infectious bacterial artificial chromosome clone (BAC20) of MDV-1 resulted in progeny viruses that were unable to spread from cell to cell. After transfection of(More)
A DNA vaccine containing the infectious BAC20 clone of serotype 1 Marek's disease virus (MDV) was tested for its potential to protect against Marek's disease (MD). Chickens were immunized at 1 day old with BAC20 DNA suspended either in PBS, as calcium phosphate precipitates, incorporated into chitosan nanoparticles, in Escherichia coli DH10B cells, or bound(More)
Marek's disease virus (MDV) encodes a protein exhibiting high amino acid similarity to the US3 protein of herpes simplex virus type 1 and the gene 66 product of varicella-zoster virus. The MDV US3 orthologue was replaced with a kanamycin resistance gene in the infectious bacterial artificial chromosome clone BAC20. After transfection of US3-negative BAC20(More)