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Many physical systems that have interacting structures that span wide ranges in size involve substantial scale invariant (or scaling) subranges. In these regimes, the large and small scales are related by an operation that involves only the scale ratio. The system has no intrinsic characteristic size. In the atmosphere gravity causes differential(More)
This paper shows how modern ideas of scaling can be used to model topography with various morphologies and also to accurately characterize topography over wide ranges of scales. Our argument is divided in two parts. We first survey the main topographic models and show that they are based on convolutions of basic structures (singular-ities) with noises.(More)
  • D Schertzer, M Larchevêque, J Duan, V V Yanovsky, S Lovejoy
  • 2008
The Fokker-Planck equation has been very useful for studying dynamic behavior of stochastic differential equations driven by Gaussian 1 noises. However, there are both theoretical and empirical reasons to consider similar equations driven by strongly non-Gaussian noises. In particular, they yield strongly non-Gaussian anomalous diffusion which seems to be(More)
We demonstrate that the Fokker-Planck equation can be generalized into a 'Fractional Fokker-Planck' equation, i.e. an equation which includes fractional space differentiations, in order to encompass the wide class of anomalous diffusions due to a Lévy stable stochastic forcing. A precise determination of this equation is obtained by substituting a Lévy(More)
[1] Climate sensitivity (l) is usually defined as a deter-ministic quantity relating climate forcings and responses. While this may be appropriate for evaluating the outputs of (deterministic) GCM's it is problematic for estimating sensitivities from empirical data. We introduce a stochastic definition where it is only a statistical link between the forcing(More)
This discussion paper is/has been under review for the journal Earth System Dynamics (ESD). Please refer to the corresponding final paper in ESD if available. Abstract We are used to the weather – climate dichotomy, yet the great majority of the spectral variance of atmospheric fields is in the continuous " background " and this defines instead a trichotomy(More)
Ahtruct-Multifrequency, multipolarization imaging radar scattering coefficient data sets, acquired by synthetic aperture radar (SAR) over sea-ice, were studied in order to reveal their scale-invariant properties. Two distinct scenes were acquired at C-band (5.6 cm) and L-band (25 cm) wavelengths for three different linear polarizations (HH, VV, and HV).(More)
  • D Schertzer, I Tchiguirinskaia, S Lovejoy, A F Tuck
  • 2011
Lindborg et al. (2010) claim that the apparent spectrum power law E(k) ≈ k −3 on scales ≥ 600 km obtained with the help of commercial jetliner trajectory deviations (GASP and Mozaic databases) could not be brought into question (Lovejoy et al., 2009a), because this spectrum corresponds to " a well known theory of quasi-geostrophic turbulence developed by(More)