Daniel Santajuliana

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1. The kinin antagonist des-Arg9-[Leu8]bradykinin, injected into the lateral ventricle, caused a long-lasting, dose-dependent reduction in arterial blood pressure and heart rate in spontaneously hypertensive rats but not in normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats; the antagonist also blocked the pressor response to ventricularly infused bradykinin in both strains.(More)
The present study was conducted to develop a standardized ganglionic blockade protocol to assess neurogenic pressor activity in conscious rats. Rats were instrumented with arterial and venous catheters for measurement of arterial pressure and heart rate and for administration of three different ganglionic blockers (trimethaphan, hexamethonium, and(More)
A two week administration of the glucocorticoid betametasone to male Wistar rats produced a mild hypertensive state. The brain of these rats showed some significant changes in amine and metabolite content with respect to normotensive controls. Epinephrine and metanephrine were increased in the rostral ventrolateral medulla and in the preoptic area.(More)
Modest increases in urinary bladder pressure result in acute hypertensive episodes in humans with spinal cord lesions above T5. The underlying mechanisms of this condition, referred to as autonomic dysreflexia, are not well understood. The aim of this study was to characterize the contribution of alpha- and beta-adrenoceptors as well as circulating(More)
TRH increases the pressor response to acetylcholine through an increment in muscarinic receptors. As chronic atropinization produces a similar effect, we hypothesized that both phenomena may be related. The effect of chronic atropine treatment on the TRH content of several brain areas in Wistar rats was studied. Atropine produced significant increases in(More)
Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) plays an important role in central cardiovascular regulation through the activation of different neurotransmitter systems at distinct extrahypothalamic sites. To study possible alterations in the TRH system in the hypertensive state, we measured TRH concentration in cerebrospinal fluid and TRH content of the preoptic area(More)
Betamethasone was administered on alternate days to rats, and the role of the central cholinergic system in the development of hypertension assessed. After 15 days of treatment the systolic blood pressure of treated rats was significantly higher than that of control rats. Peripheral administration of atropine but not of methyl atropine reduced systolic(More)
The effect of chronic atropine treatment was studied on thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH) content of several brain areas in Wistar rats. Atropine produced TRH increases in the septal area, preoptic area and the hypophysis; this was observed when rats were killed immediately after the last dose, while a decrease was observed only in the hypophysis 48 h(More)
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