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Here we show that p53 protein is physically associated with tubulin in vivo and in vitro, and that it localizes to cellular microtubules. Treatment with vincristine or paclitaxel before DNA-damage or before leptomycin B treatment reduces nuclear accumulation of p53 and expression of mdm2 and p21. Overexpression of dynamitin or microinjection of anti-dynein(More)
Acquired resistance to paclitaxel can be mediated by P-glycoprotein or by alterations involving tubulin. We report two paclitaxel-resistant sublines derived from 1A9 human ovarian carcinoma cells. Single-step paclitaxel selection with verapamil yielded two clones that are resistant to paclitaxel and collaterally sensitive to vinblastine. The resistant(More)
The epothilones are naturally occurring antimitotic drugs that share with the taxanes a similar mechanism of action without apparent structural similarity. Although photoaffinity labeling and electron crystallographic studies have identified the taxane-binding site on beta-tubulin, similar data are not available for epothilones. To identify tubulin residues(More)
Depsipeptide, FR901228, a novel cyclic peptide inhibitor of histone deacetylase with a unique cytotoxicity profile is currently in phase I clinical trials. Here we demonstrate that, in addition to G2/M arrest, FR901228 causes G1 arrest with Rb hypophosphorylation. In vitro kinase assays demonstrated no direct inhibition of CDK activity, however, an(More)
The small molecular inhibitor MK886 is known to block 5-lipoxygenase-activating protein ALOX5AP and shows antitumor activity in multiple human cell lines. The broad antitumor therapeutic window reported in vivo for MK886 in rodents supports further consideration of this structural class. Better understanding of the mode of action of the drug is important(More)
Most investigators would agree that the ideal chemotherapeu-tic agent should be 1) directed at a validated target; 2) potent, preferably active at nanomolar or subnanomolar concentrations; 3) schedule independent, even active in noncycling cells; 4) active against drug-resistant cells; and 5) less toxic or ideally not toxic to normal cells. In this issue of(More)
KEYWORDS: antitumor agentsépothilones´natural products´structure ± activity relationships´synthesis design With some members in clinical trials, the epothilones command attention as potential anticancer agents of considerable promise. In addition to several naturally occurring substances, an impressive array of epothilone analogues has been constructed and(More)
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