Daniel S. Pilch

Learn More
The bacterial cell division protein FtsZ represents a novel antibiotic target that has yet to be exploited clinically. The benzamide PC190723 was among the first FtsZ-targeting compounds to exhibit in vivo efficacy in a murine infection model system. Despite its initial promise, the poor formulation properties of the compound have limited its potential for(More)
cis-Diamminedichloroplatinum(II) (cisplatin) is a widely used anticancer drug that binds to and crosslinks DNA. The major DNA adduct of the drug results from coordination of two adjacent guanine bases to platinum to form the intrastrand crosslink cis-[Pt(NH3)2[d(GpG)-N7(1), -N7(2)]] (cis-Pt-GG). In the present study, spectroscopic and calorimetric(More)
Several G-rich oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs), which are capable of forming G-quadruplexes, have been shown to exhibit antiproliferative activity against tumor cell lines and antitumor activity in nude mice carrying prostate and breast tumor xenografts. However, the molecular basis for their antitumor activity remains unclear. In the current study, we showed(More)
The synthesis of 24-membered macrocycles containing four, six, and seven oxazole moieties is described. Selected compounds were evaluated for their ability to specifically bind and stabilize G-quadruplex DNA and for cytotoxic activity. An unexpected oxidative cleavage reaction afforded a macrocyclic imide that was also evaluated for G-quadruplex stabilizing(More)
Protoberberines represent a structural class of organic cations that induce topoisomerase I-mediated DNA cleavage, a behavior termed topoisomerase I poisoning. We have employed a broad range of biophysical, biochemical, and computer modeling techniques to characterize and cross-correlate the DNA-binding and topoisomerase poisoning properties of four(More)
The effect of DNA binding on poisoning of human DNA TOP1 has been studied using a pair of related anthracyclines which differ only by a nogalose sugar ring. We show that the nogalose sugar ring of nogalamycin, which binds to the minor groove of DNA, plays an important role in affecting topoisomerase-specific poisoning. Using purified mammalian(More)
Oxazole-containing macrocycles, which include the natural product telomestatin, represent a promising class of anticancer agents that target G-quadruplex DNA. Two synthetic hexaoxazole-containing macrocyclic compounds (HXDV and HXLV-AC) have been characterized with regard to their cytotoxic activities versus human cancer cells, as well as the mode,(More)
The emergence of multidrug-resistant bacteria has created an urgent need for antibiotics with a novel mechanism of action. The bacterial cell division protein FtsZ is an attractive target for the development of novel antibiotics. The benzo[c]phenanthridinium sanguinarine and the dibenzo[a,g]quinolizin-7-ium berberine are two structurally similar plant(More)
Crescent-shaped synthetic ligands containing aromatic amino acids have been designed for specific recognition of predetermined DNA sequences in the minor groove of DNA. Simple rules have been developed that relate the side-by-side pairings of Imidazole (Im) and Pyrrole (Py) amino acids to their predicted target DNA sequences. We report here thermodynamic(More)
A benzo[e]pyridoindole derivative, 3-methoxy-7H-8-methyl-11-[(3'-amino)propylamino] -benzo[e]pyrido[4,3-b]indole (BePI), and its interactions with double and triple-helical DNA have been investigated by a variety of fluorescence, spectrophotometric, hydrodynamic and molecular modeling techniques. Binding to DNA stabilizes the doubly charged (+2) form of(More)