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Tetracapsuloides bryosalmonae is a myxozoan parasite of salmonids and freshwater bryozoans, which causes proliferative kidney disease (PKD) in the fish host. To test which fish species are able to transmit T. bryosalmonae to bryozoans, an infection experiment was conducted with 5 PKD-sensitive fish species from different genera. Rainbow trout Oncorhynchus(More)
Among metal pollutants silver ions are one of the most toxic forms, and have thus been assigned to the highest toxicity class. Its toxicity to a wide range of microorganisms combined with its low toxicity to humans lead to the development of a wealth of silver-based products in many bactericidal applications accounting to more than 1000(More)
The eel parasitic nematodes Anguillicola crassus (originating from Asia) and Anguillicola novaezelandiae (originating from New Zealand) were both introduced to Europe, but occurred in sympatry only in Lake Bracciano in Italy, where they both infected the European eel (Anguilla anguilla). A. novaezelandiae was introduced to the lake in 1975 and disappeared(More)
Kudoa prunusi n. sp. (Myxozoa; Multivalvulida) is described from the brain of Pacific bluefin tuna Thunnus orientalis cultured in Japan. Numerous white cysts, up to 0.5mm in size, were found on and in the brain. Spores having typically five spore valves and five polar capsules resembled a five-petal cherry blossom in apical view and were conical shape with(More)
Increasing temperatures can be a significant stressor for aquatic organisms. Amphipods are one of the most abundant and functionally important groups of freshwater macroinvertebrates. Therefore, we conducted a laboratory experiment with Gammarus pulex, naturally infected with microsporidians. In each group, 42 gammarids were exposed to 15°C and 25°C for 24(More)
Differences in susceptibility to the myxozoan parasite Tetracapsuloides bryosalmonae, the causative agent of proliferative kidney disease (PKD), between four strains of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and brown trout (Salmo trutta) were evaluated. Fish were exposed to water enzootic for the parasite in the field for 5 days and were subsequently(More)
The portal of entry and the penetration process of the myxozoan parasite Tetracapsuloides bryosalmonae are still poorly understood. In the present study, spores of T. bryosalmonae derived from the bryozoan host (malacospores) were activated chemically and mechanically to investigate their reaction after attachment to the fish host in vitro. Amoeboid(More)
The host recognition and invasion process of Myxobolus cerebralis actinospores (triactinomyxon, TAM) was studied on a genetic level. A small-scale in vitro assay was developed to activate a large number of TAMs simultaneously, and to monitor the host invasion in the absence of live fish. The transcriptomes of non-activated and in vitro-activated TAMs were(More)
Anguillicola crassus is one of the most successful parasitic invasive species as it has spread from its original habitat in East Asia throughout the world and has acquired five new eel host species in the course of its invasion within the last three decades. Records from an Italian lake indicate that this species has even displaced an established population(More)
Anisakid nematodes are distributed worldwide in a wide variety of marine fishes and they are known to cause the zoonotic disease, anisakiasis. The temperature control is commonly applied for prevention and control of anisakiasis. To analyze the cellular response to temperature stress in Anisakis, the heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) was chosen in the present(More)