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—Human-swarm interaction methods often allow a human to influence a swarm through either leadership or pre-dation. These methods of influence have two main limitations: (1) although leaders sustain influence over nominal agents for a long period of time, they tend to cause all collective structures to turn in to flocks (negating the benefit of other swarm(More)
Models of swarming and modes of controlling them are numerous ; however, to date swarm researchers have mostly ignored a fundamental problem that impedes scalable human interaction with large bio-inspired robot swarms, namely, how do you know what the swarm is doing if you can't observe every agent in the collective? We examine swarm models that exhibit(More)
Leveraging the abilities of multiple affordable robots as a swarm is enticing because of the resulting robustness and emergent behaviors of a swarm. However, because swarms are composed of many different agents, it is difficult for a human to influence the swarm by managing individual agents. Instead, we propose that human influence should focus on(More)
—Human interaction with bio-inspired collectives provides an interesting setting for studying shared control. A human will often have knowledge of global objectives and high-level plans, but the collective will often have more detailed lower-level knowledge about the particulars of the situation at hand. Thus it is important to understand how control can be(More)
The search for invariants is a fundamental aim of scientific endeavors. These invariants, such as Newton's laws of motion, allow us to model and predict the behavior of systems across many different problems. In the nascent field of Human-Swarm Interaction (HSI), a systematic identification of fundamental invariants is still lacking. Discovering and(More)
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