Daniel S Auld

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Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of degenerative dementia and is characterized by progressive impairment in cognitive function during mid- to late-adult life. Brains from AD patients show several distinct neuropathological features, including extracellular beta-amyloid-containing plaques, intracellular neurofibrillary tangles composed of(More)
Glial cells throughout the nervous system are closely associated with synapses. Accompanying these anatomical couplings are intriguing functional interactions, including the capacity of certain glial cells to respond to and modulate neurotransmission. Glial cells can also help establish, maintain, and reconstitute synapses. In this review, we discuss(More)
Long-term exposure to nerve growth factor (NGF) is well established to have neurotrophic effects on basal forebrain cholinergic neurons, but its potential actions as a fast-acting neuromodulator are not as well understood. We report that NGF (0.1-100 ng/ml) rapidly (<60 min) and robustly enhanced constitutive acetylcholine (ACh) release (148-384% of(More)
The characteristic pathological features of the postmortem brain of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients include, among other features, the presence of neuritic plaques composed of amyloid beta-peptide (A beta) and the loss of basal forebrain cholinergic neurons, which innervate the hippocampus and the cortex. Studies of the pathological changes that(More)
Beta-Amyloid peptide (Abeta) is found in diffuse and focal deposits throughout the brain from Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. Another feature of AD is the widespread degeneration and dysfunction of the basal-forebrain cholinergic system. Until now, it has been unclear how these features of AD might be related. Recent reports, however, suggest that Abeta(More)
Several lines of evidence indicate that nerve growth factor is important for the development and maintenance of the basal forebrain cholinergic phenotype. In the present study, using rat primary embryonic basal forebrain cultures, we demonstrate the differential regulation of functional cholinergic markers by nerve growth factor treatment (24--96 h).(More)
Glial cells are increasingly recognized for their important contributions to CNS and PNS synaptic function. Perisynaptic Schwann cells, which are glial cells at the neuromuscular junction, have proven to be an exceptionally useful model for studying these roles. Recent studies have shown that they detect and reciprocally modulate synaptic efficacy in an(More)
Neurotrophins are important modulators of synaptic function at both developing and mature synapses in the CNS and PNS. At the neuromuscular junction (NMJ), neurotrophins, as well as perisynaptic Schwann cells (PSCs) are critical for the long-term maintenance and stability of the synapse. Considering this correlation and the acute interactions that occur at(More)
Target-derived neurotrophins regulate neuronal survival and growth by interacting with cell-surface tyrosine kinase receptors. The p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75 NTR) is coexpressed with Trk receptors in long-range projection neurons, in which it facilitates neurotrophin binding to Trk and enhances Trk activity. Here, we show that TrkA and TrkB receptors(More)
Causative variants in APP, PSEN1 or PSEN2 account for a majority of cases of autosomal dominant early-onset Alzheimer disease (ADEOAD, onset before 65 years). Variant detection rates in other EOAD patients, that is, with family history of late-onset AD (LOAD) (and no incidence of EOAD) and sporadic cases might be much lower. We analyzed the genomes from 264(More)