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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Tissue deposits of the anti-arrhythmic drug amiodarone are a major source of side effects (skin discoloration, etc.). We addressed the mechanism of the concentration of amiodarone in cells, and characterized the resulting vacuolar cytopathology and its evolution towards macroautophagy. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Sequestration of(More)
Essential cells of innate immunity, neutrophils are often considered to be a homogenous population of terminally differentiated cells. During inflammation, neutrophils are extravasated cells exposed to local factors that prolong their survival and activate their production of mediators implicated in disease progression. In this study, a phenotypically(More)
Innate immunity depends on the efficiency of neutrophils to be activated rapidly to restore homeostasis. It can benefit from priming agents that enhance neutrophil capacity to respond more efficiently to a subsequent stimulation. Among natural products, a bovine whey protein extract (WPE) has been shown to prime normal human blood neutrophils by enhancing(More)
Bovine milk-derived products, in particular whey proteins, exhibit beneficial properties for human health, including the acquired immune response. However, their effects on innate immunity have received little attention. Neutrophils are key cells of innate defenses through their primary functions of chemotaxis, phagocytosis, oxidative burst, and(More)
Psoriasis, a chronic autoimmune-related skin disease, involves both immune and non-immune cells like T cells and keratinocytes. This study investigates the regulatory role of T cells-keratinocyte interactions during psoriasis on immune factors production. Cytokines and chemokines were evaluated by multiplex and ELISA assays in an in vitro model of(More)
INTRODUCTION Osteoarthritis is characterized by the progressive destruction of cartilage in the articular joints. Novel therapies that promote resurfacing of exposed bone in focal areas are of interest in osteoarthritis because they may delay the progression of this disabling disease in patients who develop focal lesions. Recently, the addition of 80%(More)
Bone destruction in chronic gout is correlated with deposits of monosodium urate (MSU) crystals. Bone with MSU tophi were histopathologically shown to have altered remodeling and cellular distribution. We investigated the impact of neutrophils in bone remodeling associated with MSU and demonstrated that neutrophils, through elastase localized at their(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Picea mariana ((Miller) Britton, Sterns, and Poggenburg; Pinaceae) bark has been traditionally used by North American natives for treating topical inflammations. It has been also suggested to improve various inflammatory skin disorders like Psoriasis vulgaris. Extracts from this bark storage protein contain polyphenolic(More)
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