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Two structurally different antagonists of the nuclear hormone 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) [1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3)], the 25-carboxylic ester ZK159222 and the 26,23-lactone TEI-9647, have recently been described. In this study, the molecular mechanisms and the efficacy of both antagonists were compared. ZK159222 showed similar potency and sensitivity to(More)
The plant surface is the substrate upon which herbivorous insects and natural enemies meet and thus represents the stage for interactions between the three trophic levels. Plant surfaces are covered by an epicuticular wax layer which is highly variable depending on species, cultivar or plant part. Differences in wax chemistry may modulate ecological(More)
The pancreas morphology of transgenic mice that overexpress transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) in the pancreas resembles partially morphological features of chronic pancreatitis, such as progressive accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM). Using this transgenic mouse model, we characterized the composition of pancreatic fibrosis and involved(More)
MC903 (calcipotriol) is a synthetic, low calcemic analog of the nuclear hormone 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 and used in the treatment of psoriasis. The beneficial effects of MC903 on psoriasis are based on gene regulatory events. The genomic actions of 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 and its analogs are primarily mediated by a complex of the vitamin D3(More)
We combine a scanning near-field microwave microscope with an atomic force microscope for use in localized thin film dielectric constant measurement, and demonstrate the capabilities of our system through simultaneous surface topography and microwave reflection measurements on a variety of thin films grown on low resistivity silicon substrates. Reflection(More)
Testing of effects on earthworms and non-target foliar arthropods is an integral part of the ecotoxicological risk assessment for the authorization of plant protection products. According to the new data requirements, which came into force in 2014 for active substances and in 2016 for plant protection products, the chronic earthworm toxicity test with(More)
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