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The advent of bilateral cochlear implants (CIs) has increased interest in learning on binaural tasks, and studies in normal-hearing listeners provide important background information. However, few studies have considered learning with discrimination of interaural time difference (ITD). Here, learning with ITD was explored using stimuli that are more(More)
Echolocation offers a promising approach to improve the quality of life of people with blindness although little is known about the factors influencing object localisation using a 'searching' strategy. In this paper, we describe a series of experiments using sighted and blind human listeners and a 'virtual auditory space' technique to investigate the(More)
This study tested the prediction that interaural phase differences (IPDs) are converted to interaural level differences (ILDs) with bilateral bone-conduction stimulation due to the effects of acoustic interference arising from transcranial transmission. Seven normal-hearing listeners judged the lateral position of 3000-6000-Hz pure tones, presented via bone(More)
This study investigated learning, in normal-hearing adults, associated with training (i.e. repeated practice) on the discrimination of ongoing interaural time difference (ITD). Specifically, the study addressed an apparent disparity in the conclusions of previous studies, which reported training-induced learning at high frequencies but not at low(More)
Primary presenile dementia slows the major positive component of the visual evoked potential to flash stimulation but does not affect the visual evoked potential to patterned stimulation. The progressive effect of Alzheimer's disease was followed in a 58 year old woman over three and a half years from the development of the earliest symptoms to complete(More)
Under certain conditions, sighted and blind humans can use echoes to discern characteristics of otherwise silent objects. Previous research concluded that robust horizontal-plane object localisation ability, without using head movement, depends on information above 2 kHz. While a strong interaural level difference (ILD) cue is available, it was not clear if(More)
The ability to listen to commands in noisy environments and understand acoustic signals, while maintaining situational awareness, is an important skill for military personnel and can be critical for mission success. Seventeen auditory tasks carried out by British infantry and combat-support personnel were identified through a series of focus groups(More)
In order to preserve their operational effectiveness and ultimately their survival, military personnel must be able to detect important acoustic signals and maintain situational awareness. The possession of sufficient hearing ability to perform job-specific auditory tasks is defined as auditory fitness for duty (AFFD). Pure tone audiometry (PTA) is used to(More)
OBJECTIVE That static ear canal air pressure (ECP) influences the frequency of spontaneous otoacoustic emissions (SOAEs) suggests that it may influence intracochlear, in addition to middle ear, processes. A previous study suggested that ECP influences pure tone pitch perception at 1,000 Hz, which was interpreted as indicating an effect on the cochlear(More)