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OBJECTIVES The term silent sinus syndrome has been used to describe the constellation of progressive enophthalmos and hypoglobus due to gradual collapse of the orbital floor with opacification of the maxillary sinus, in the presence of subclinical chronic maxillary sinusitis. Currently, it is believed to occur as a result of the sequence of events following(More)
Aqueous extracts or aqueous extracts of delipidated Entamoeba histolytica (E.h.e.) contain a mitogenic principle for murine lymphocytes. As detected by [3H]-thymidine incorporation and blast transformation, E.h.e. acted predominantly on T cells of splenic origin, but not on thymocytes or bone marrow cells. Furthermore, E.h.e. induced proliferation of a(More)
Plasmodium and Schistosoma are two of the most common parasites in sub-tropical areas. Deregulation of the immune response to Plasmodium falciparum, characterized by a Th1 response, leads to cerebral malaria (CM), while a Th2 response accompanies chronic schistosomiasis. The development of CM was examined in mice with concomitant Schistosoma mansoni and(More)
A Philophthalmus species whose larval stages have been isolated from Melanopsis praemorsa snails collected in Israel and formerly identified as probably belonging to Philophthalmus palpebrarum has now been reevaluated as belonging to Philophthalmus lucipetus. The present determination is based on a detailed study of all the stages of the parasite's life(More)
Immunosuppressive treatments consisting of ionizing irradiation or drugs were employed in inbred and outbred mice and in golden hamsters. Following treatment, mice were challenged intracaecally or intrahepatically with virulent, axenically-grown Entamoeba histolytica. Hamsters were challenged by intraperitoneal injection of the amoebae. Many of the(More)
Argentophilic structures of Philophthalmus lucipetus miracidia and cercariae from Israel are described. Eighty-four of 87 miracidia examined displayed an epidermal plate arrangement of 6:8:4:2 = 20, similar to other Philophthalmus species. Twenty papilla-like structures are arranged on the terebratorium in 3 groups, along 1 axis. Sixteen body papillae are(More)
The effect of Entamoeba histolytica extracts (E.h.e.) on proliferation in vitro of human peripheral blood lymphocytes, cord blood lymphocytes, and lymphocytes enriched for T cells or non-T cells was investigated. As tested by 3H-thymidine uptake and by morphologic criteria, E.h.e. stimulate T lymphocyte proliferation. Non-T lymphocytes do not respond to(More)
Aberrant regeneration of a third nerve palsy (oculomotor synkinesis) excludes an ischaemic cause and in the absence of relevant trauma strongly suggests a compressive aetiology. A scan is mandatory in such cases. We describe the case of a 52-year-old woman who presented with complete pupil-involving third nerve palsy from a posterior communicating artery(More)
Cytomegalovirus is a common infection in immunologically normal adults. It may cause an asymptomatic infection or may manifest symptomatically as heterophilic-negative mononucleosis. Studies of CMV infection in immunocompromised patients indicate that humoral immune response plays a role in modulating disease severity; however, the effect of antibodies to(More)