Daniel Romero Muñoz

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AIMS The aims of the present study were to characterize fatal traffic accident victims in a major urban center in Brazil and their association with alcohol consumption. METHODS Cross-sectional study of 907 fatal traffic accident victims in Sao Paulo, in 2005. RESULTS Adult males between the ages of 25 and 54 represented the majority of cases with(More)
Drugs are important risk factors for traffic accidents. In Brazil, truck drivers report using amphetamines to maintain their extensive work schedule and stay awake. These drugs can be obtained without prescription easily on Brazilian roads. The use of these stimulants can result in health problems and can be associated with traffic accidents. There are(More)
Bone histomorphometry values for normal individuals within different populations have been well established. We studied iliac crest bone samples from 125 healthy Brazilian subjects. The effect of sex, race, and age variables on histomorphometric parameters was evaluated. Bone volume showed a trend to decrease with age in both sexes, being significantly(More)
Morphometric methods and transmission electron microscopy were used to quantify modifications occurring in the mitochondria of dog myocardium during the first four hours of autolysis. Myocardial fragments were obtained from the outer free wall of the left ventricle, during anesthesia (control-zero) and at 15, 45, 120, and 240 min after cardiac arrest,(More)
A hollow-fiber liquid-phase microextraction (HF-LPME), used in three-phase mode, and combined with gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS), was developed to quantify antidepressants and their major metabolites (amitriptyline, nortriptyline, imipramine, desipramine, clomipramine, desmethylclomipramine, fluoxetine, and norfluoxetine) in whole blood(More)
CONTEXT Brazilian researchers have recently recognized a marked increase in the number of people using abusable drugs and the consequences of this habit. It has become a major public health problem in a potentially productive segment of the general population. In the last few years, several medical articles have given special emphasis to pulmonary(More)
Barbiturates, especially phenobarbital, are involved in intoxication cases in Brazil and other countries. Liver tissue can be a useful alternate specimen when blood is not available (decomposition, severe fire, and exsanguination cases). Because the liver is a very complex matrix, it is essential is to eliminate potential interfering substances in this(More)
The introduction of molecular biology techniques, especially of DNA analysis, for human identification is a recent advance in legal medicine. Substantial effort has continuously been made in an attempt to identify cadavers and human remains after wars, socio-political problems and mass disasters. In addition, because of the social dynamics of large cities,(More)
AIMS To assess the association between alcohol use and victimization by homicide in individuals autopsied at the Institute of Legal Medicine in São Paulo, Brazil. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. SETTING Excessive consumption of alcohol is a serious public health issue and a major factor in triggering violent situations, which suggests a strong association(More)
As the first step, the locus D1S80 was amplified by the polymerase chain reaction technique from genomic DNA extracted from artificial bloodstains and crusts with different amount of blood (32 microl, 16 microl, 8 microl, 4 microl, 2 microl, and 1 microl). In all samples of bloodstains and crusts, identification by DNA analysis was possible. As the second(More)