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BACKGROUND Deficits in motor functioning, including walking, and in cognitive functions, including attention, are known to be prevalent in multiple sclerosis (MS), though little attention has been paid to how impairments in these areas of functioning interact. OBJECTIVES This study investigated the effects of performing a concurrent cognitive task when(More)
The sit-to-walk (STW) movement is a functional task that challenges balance and co-ordination. There is a paucity of literature investigating the phases of this movement and its significance in a clinical rehabilitation context. Measuring phases of this movement may provide clinically applicable data for screening subjects for mobility problems and(More)
The incidence of Parkinson's disease (PD) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is greater than thought however, is largely undiagnosed and untreated. This study aimed to evaluate a nonpharmacological approach using cueing therapy to improve gait in drug-naïve PD and the feasibility of delivering rehabilitation in northern Tanzania. In this study, twenty-one people(More)
BACKGROUND The principle of specificity in muscle training requires the training mode to reflect the desired outcome. The observed similarity of lower limb movements during recumbent cycling to the functional movements sit-to-stand and step-up presents the possibility of using recumbent cycling in a rehabilitation context. This may reduce the need to(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the within-and between-day reliability of spatio-temporal, plantar pressure, kinematic and kinetic measurements based on a novel, seven segment foot model applied in patients with Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA). Nine PsA patients and matched healthy adult controls underwent three-dimensional gait analysis on two(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine within- and between-day reliability characteristics of electromyographic (EMG) activity patterns of selected lower leg muscles and kinematic variables in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and pes planovalgus. METHODS Five patients with RA underwent gait analysis barefoot and shod on two occasions 1 week apart. Fine-wire(More)
Customised foot orthoses (FOs) featuring extrinsic rearfoot posting are commonly prescribed for individuals with a symptomatic pronated foot type. By altering the angle of the posting it is purported that a controlled dose-response effect during the stance phase of gait can be achieved, however these biomechanical changes have yet to be characterised.(More)
BACKGROUND Gait abnormalities have been reported in individuals with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) however no studies exist to date investigating the kinematics of individuals with CFS in over-ground gait. The aim of this study was to compare the over-ground gait pattern (sagittal kinematics and temporal and spatial) of individuals with CFS and control(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare electromyographic (EMG), kinematic, kinetic, and ultrasound (US) features of pes plano valgus associated with US-confirmed tibialis posterior (TP) tenosynovitis in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and healthy control subjects. METHODS In this cross-sectional study, patients with RA and US-confirmed tenosynovitis of TP underwent gait(More)
BACKGROUND Restoring movement fluency is a key focus for physical rehabilitation; it's measurement, however, lacks objectivity. The purpose of this study was to find whether measurable movement fluency variables differed between groups of adults with different movement abilities whilst performing the sit-to-walk (STW) movement. The movement fluency(More)