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This report of independent genome sequences of two natural populations of Drosophila melanogaster (37 from North America and 6 from Africa) provides unique insight into forces shaping genomic polymorphism and divergence. Evidence of interactions between natural selection and genetic linkage is abundant not only in centromere- and telomere-proximal regions,(More)
Because spontaneous mutation is the source of all genetic diversity, measuring mutation rates can reveal how natural selection drives patterns of variation within and between species. We sequenced eight genomes produced by a mutation-accumulation experiment in Drosophila melanogaster. Our analysis reveals that point mutation and small indel rates vary(More)
'Orang-utan' is derived from a Malay term meaning 'man of the forest' and aptly describes the southeast Asian great apes native to Sumatra and Borneo. The orang-utan species, Pongo abelii (Sumatran) and Pongo pygmaeus (Bornean), are the most phylogenetically distant great apes from humans, thereby providing an informative perspective on hominid evolution.(More)
(2045 articles) evolution (102 articles) bioinformatics Articles on similar topics can be found in the following collections Email alerting service here right-hand corner of the article or click Receive free email alerts when new articles cite this article-sign up in the box at the top Differences between individuals in the copy-number of whole genes have(More)
RNA editing is an important cellular process by which the nucleotides in a mature RNA transcript are altered to cause them to differ from the corresponding DNA sequence. While this process yields essential transcripts in humans and other organisms, it is believed to occur at a relatively small number of loci. The rarity of RNA editing has been challenged by(More)
Current sequencing methods produce large amounts of data, but genome assemblies based on these data are often woefully incomplete. These incomplete and error-filled assemblies result in many annotation errors, especially in the number of genes present in a genome. In this paper we investigate the magnitude of the problem, both in terms of total gene number(More)
of Chimerism Analysis Data. a. Simulated distributions of the proportion of allele A reads out of the total number of reads at a locus for a marmoset with chimeric fraction Φ BLOCKIN BLOCKIN = 0.33 (green) and BLOCKIN BLOCKIN Φ BLOCKIN BLOCKIN = 0 (i.e., not chimeric; yellow). b. Standard deviation in the proportion of allele A reads across loci vs.(More)
The era of whole-genome sequencing has revealed that gene copy-number changes caused by duplication and deletion events have important evolutionary, functional, and phenotypic consequences. Recent studies have therefore focused on revealing the extent of variation in copy-number within natural populations of humans and other species. These studies have(More)
The loss of previously established genes has been proposed as a major force in evolutionary change. While genome sequencing of many new species offers the opportunity to identify cases of gene loss, it is unclear which algorithms offer the greatest accuracy or sensitivity. A number of methods to identify gene losses rely on the presence of a pseudogene for(More)