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The effects of alpha adrenergic agonists and antagonists on human in vitro platelet aggregation were studied to characterize further the platelet alpha adrenergic receptor. Aggregation induced by ADP and U46619; a stable prostaglandin endoperoxide analog, was potentiated by alpha adrenergic agonists, an effect which was completely blocked by the alpha(More)
A novel microfabricated multichannel emitter for electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) was implemented with polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) using a soft lithography technique. The emitters are formed as electrospray tips along a thin membrane on the edge of the device with channels of 100 microm x 30 microm dimensions. The electrospray performance(More)
Optimal proteomic analysis of human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) requires depletion of high-abundance proteins to facilitate observation of low-abundance proteins. The performance of two immunodepletion (MARS, Agilent Technologies and ProteoSeek, Pierce Biotechnology) and one ultrafiltration (50 kDa molecular weight cutoff filter, Millipore Corporation)(More)
Microfabricated polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) emitters for electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) were implemented as tips along the edge of the PDMS device by three methods which utilize soft lithography processes. These microfabrication methods for producing PDMS emitters as an integral part of a microfluidic device will facilitate development(More)
Rpe65(-/-) mice produce minimal amounts of 11-cis-retinal, the ligand necessary for the formation of photosensitive visual pigments. Therefore, the apoprotein opsin in these animals has not been exposed to its normal ligand. The Rpe65(-/-) mice contain less than 0.1% of wild type levels of rhodopsin. Mass spectrometric analysis of opsin from Rpe65(-/-) mice(More)
The interactions of rhodopsin and the alpha-subunit of transducin (G(t)) have been mapped using a surface modification "footprinting" approach in conjunction with mass spectrometric analysis employing a synthetic peptide corresponding to C-terminal residues 340-350 of the alpha-subunit of G(t), G(t)alpha(340-350). Membrane preparations of unactivated (Rh)(More)
The damaging effects of intense light on the rat retina are known to vary depending on the time of day of exposure. The purpose of this study was to determine if rhodopsin phosphorylation patterns, a measure of the activity of the pigment, varied in a similar manner. After 10 min in strong light (1400 lux), all six threonine and serine sites in the rat(More)
We investigated the metabolism of lidocaine to its active metabolites--monoethylglycinexylidide (MEGX) and glycinexylidide (GX)--in the mother, fetus, and neonate. The study population included normal patients and their infants delivered either vaginally or by cesarean section. A group of infants of mothers in whom pudendal anesthesia was induced was also(More)
Site-specific cleavage on the interhelical loop I on the cytoplasmic face of rhodopsin has been observed after activation of a Cu-phenanthroline tethered cleavage reagent attached on the cytoplasmic loop IV. The characterization of the reaction products by mass spectrometry, both of the membrane-bound protein and of the CNBr-cleaved peptides, allows the(More)
Bovine rhodopsin has been reported to be S-palmitylated at cysteines 322 and 323 (Ovchinnikov, Y. A., Abdulaev, N. G., and Bogachuk, A.S. (1988) FEBS Lett. 230, 1-5). Using a combination of enzymatic and chemical cleavage techniques in conjunction with tandem mass spectrometry, the sites of incorporation of the palmityl groups are shown. Bovine rhodopsin in(More)