Daniel Prieur

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A thermophilic, anaerobic, strictly autotrophic, sulphur-reducing bacterium, designated BSAT (T = type strain), was isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal chimney sample collected at the mid-Atlantic ridge. Gram-negative cells occurred singly or in pairs as small highly motile rods. Spores were not observed. The temperature range for growth was 40 to 75(More)
A thermophilic, anaerobic, piezophilic, chemo-organotrophic sulfur-reducing bacterium, designated as KA3T, was isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal chimney sample collected at a depth of 2630 m on the East-Pacific Rise (13 degrees N). When grown under elevated hydrostatic pressure, the cells are rod-shaped with a sheath-like outer structure, motile, have a(More)
A novel, hyperthermophilic, anaerobic, sulfurmetabolizing archaeon was isolated from a fluid sample from recently discovered hydrothermal vents in the North Fiji basin (SW Pacific), at 2000 m depth. The new organism, strain GE5, is a gram-negative, highly motile coccus. It grows between 67° and 102°C under atmospheric pressure, with an optimum at 96°C(More)
To contribute to the identification of methanogens, methanotrophs and sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) in microbial communities from the 13 degrees N (East Pacific Rise) and Rainbow (Mid-Atlantic Ridge) hydrothermal vent fields, we investigated the diversity of mcrA, pmoA and dsrAB genes sequences. Clone libraries were obtained using DNA isolated from(More)
The microbial community structure of hydrothermal vent chimneys was evaluated by the combined use of enrichment cultures and whole-cell hybridizations with fluorescently labeled 16S rRNA-based oligonucleotide probes. Chimneys were collected during the Microsmoke cruise on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge and were subsampled on board and stored under reduced(More)
Hyperthermophilic archaea of the genus Pyrococcus are resistant to gamma radiation, suggesting that efficient mechanisms for DNA repair exist in these organisms. To determine whether protective mechanisms might also be implicated in this radioresistance, we have estimated the linear density of DNA double-stranded breaks caused by gamma irradiation in the(More)
A novel hydrothermal site was discovered in March 2007, on the mid-Atlantic ridge during the cruise ‘Serpentine’. At a depth of 4100 m, the site ‘Ashadze’ is the deepest vent field known so far. Smoker samples were collected with the ROV ‘Victor 6000’ and processed in the laboratory for the enrichment of anaerobic heterotrophic microorganisms under(More)
A minimal growth medium containing only nine amino acids and vitamins as the sole carbon and energy sources allowed the growth of Pyrococcus abyssi GE 5, a novel hyperthermophilic sulfur-metabolizing archaeon isolated from deep-sea hydrothermal vents. The generation time in this medium was about 40 min, and cell densities up to 5 x 10(sup8) cells ml(sup-1)(More)
A novel barophilic, hyperthermophilic, anaerobic sulfur-metabolizing archaeon, strain MPT (T = type strain), was isolated from a hydrothermal vent site (Snakepit) on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (depth, 3550 m). Enrichments and isolation were done under 40 MPa hydrostatic pressure at 95 degrees C. Strain MPT was barophilic at 75, 80, 85, 90, 95 and 98 degrees C,(More)
A thermophilic, strictly anaerobic bacterium, designated strain SL1, was isolated from a deep, continental oil reservoir in the East Paris Basin (France). This organism grew between 50 and 75°C, with an optimum at 70°C. It was inhibited by elemental sulfur and was able to reduce cystine and thiosulfate to hydrogen sulfide. The G+C content (40 mol%), the(More)