Daniel Preckel

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Acute mental stress induces a significant increase in plasma interleukin (IL)-6 levels as a possible mechanism for how psychological stress might contribute to atherosclerosis. We investigated whether the IL-6 response would habituate in response to a repetitively applied mental stressor and whether cortisol reactivity would show a relationship with IL-6(More)
OBJECTIVES Vital exhaustion has been shown to predict the progression and manifestation of cardiovascular disease. Little is known about the relationship between vital exhaustion and overcommitment, the inability to withdraw from obligations at work. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between vital exhaustion and overcommitment at work,(More)
BACKGROUND The characterization of an individual's hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis stress response is a main research topic in neuropsychobiology since alterations have been causally linked to several disease states. Over the last years, several studies focused on the identification of sources of inter- and intraindividual variability, but there is(More)
Within the last two decades, hemostasis factors have emerged as 'new' risk factors for coronary artery disease. Historical studies on the physiology of the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) attributed accelerated blood clotting to the components of the fight-flight response. Although this has not been demonstrated, exaggerated clotting related to SNS(More)
BACKGROUND Acute mental stress elicits reliable changes in blood coagulation factors. We studied whether stress-related changes in coagulation measures are associated with concomitant hemoconcentration. METHODS Twenty-two men (mean age 47+/-8 years) underwent the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) combining 13 min of task preparation, job interview, and(More)
Psychosocial stress might increase the risk of atherothrombotic events by setting off an elevation in circulating levels of the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-6. We investigated the effect of aspirin and propranolol on the responsiveness of plasma IL-6 levels to acute psychosocial stress. For 5 days, 64 healthy subjects were randomized,(More)
We investigated the association between exhaustion and the habituation of free cortisol responses to repeated stress exposure. The study comprised 25 healthy male subjects (38-59 years) who were confronted three times with the Trier Social Stress Test. Mean cortisol responses showed the well-known general habituation effect. A two-way interaction day by(More)
Acute mental stress may contribute to atherosclerosis by affecting inflammation and coagulation; however, the crosstalk between inflammation and coagulation during stress has not been studied. In the present study, we investigated the association of plasma fibrinogen, plasma IL-6 (interleukin-6) and free salivary cortisol with the procoagulant marker(More)
Acute mental stress elicits hemoconcentration and polycytosis. We investigated whether haematological response to repeated acute mental stress would habituate and be sustained 45 min and 105 min after stress. Twenty-four men underwent a 13-min stressor three times, one week apart; hematological variables were measured at week one and three. Hematocrit,(More)
Activity of clotting factor VIII has been shown to acutely increase with sympathetic nervous system stimulation. We investigated whether aspirin and propranolol affect the responsiveness of plasma clotting factor VIII activity levels to acute psychosocial stress. We randomized 54 healthy subjects double-blind to 5-day treatment with a single daily oral(More)