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BACKGROUND We conducted a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial to determine whether the epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitor erlotinib prolongs survival in non-small-cell lung cancer after the failure of first-line or second-line chemotherapy. METHODS Patients with stage IIIB or IV non-small-cell lung cancer, with performance status(More)
PURPOSE Patients with advanced pancreatic cancer have a poor prognosis and there have been no improvements in survival since the introduction of gemcitabine in 1996. Pancreatic tumors often overexpress human epidermal growth factor receptor type 1 (HER1/EGFR) and this is associated with a worse prognosis. We studied the effects of adding the(More)
PURPOSE This randomized, multicenter, phase III study compared doxorubicin and docetaxel (AT) with doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide (AC) as first-line chemotherapy (CT) in metastatic breast cancer (MBC). PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients (n = 429) were randomly assigned to receive doxorubicin 50 mg/m(2) plus docetaxel 75 mg/m(2) (n = 214) or doxorubicin 60(More)
Melatonin limits obesity in rodents without affecting food intake and activity, suggesting a thermogenic effect. Identification of brown fat (beige/brite) in white adipose tissue (WAT) prompted us to investigate whether melatonin is a brown-fat inducer. We used Zücker diabetic fatty (ZDF) rats, a model of obesity-related type 2 diabetes and a strain in(More)
BACKGROUND Obese patients are at increased risk for biliary disease. The prevalence and type of gallbladder pathology in morbidly obese patients was evaluated, and compared with a non-obese control group. METHODS A consecutive series of obese patients (n=478) who had undergone bariatric surgery with concurrent routine cholecystectomy and a consecutive(More)
BACKGROUND Brain development in fetal life and early infancy is critical to determine lifelong performance in various neuropsychological domains. Metabolic pathologies such as overweight, obesity, and gestational diabetes in pregnant women are prevalent and increasing risk factors that may adversely affect long-term brain development in their offspring. (More)
INTRODUCTION We aimed to assess longitudinal changes in television (TV) food advertising during 2013 compared to 2007, measuring children's exposure to healthy and unhealthy advertisements, after the new European and Spanish Public Health laws published in 2011. MATERIAL AND METHODS Two thematic channels for children (TC), and 2 generalist channels (GC)(More)
BACKGROUND One of the limitations for hepatocyte transplantation is the short survival of isolated hepatocytes. OBJECTIVE We evaluated the utility of fluorocarbons (PFC) added to University of Wisconsin (UW) and histidine-tryptofane-ketoglutarate (HTK) solutions on hepatocyte preservation. METHOD Rat hepatocytes were isolated by colagenase digestion(More)
A few studies have recently reported that higher cardiorespiratory fitness is associated with higher volumes of subcortical brain structures in children. It is, however, unknown how different fitness measures relate to shapes of subcortical brain nuclei. We aimed to examine the association of the main health-related physical fitness components with shapes(More)