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Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) with ubiquitin-immunoreactive neuronal inclusions (both cytoplasmic and nuclear) of unknown nature has been linked to a chromosome 17q21 region (FTDU-17) containing MAPT (microtubule-associated protein tau). FTDU-17 patients have consistently been shown to lack a tau-immunoreactive pathology, a feature characteristic of FTD(More)
The varied ways in which mutations in presenilins (PSEN1 and PSEN2) affect amyloid b precursor protein (APP) processing in causing early-onset familial Alzheimer disease (FAD) are complex and not yet properly understood. Nonetheless, one useful diagnostic marker is an increased ratio of Ab42 to Ab40 (Ab42/Ab40) in patients' brain and biological fluids as(More)
Occurrence of amyloid beta (Abeta) dense-core plaques in the brain is one of the chief hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease (AD). It is not yet clear what factors are responsible for the aggregation of Abeta in the formation of these plaques. Using Tg2576 and PSAPP mouse models that exhibit age-related development of amyloid plaques similar to that observed in(More)
Transgenic mouse models of Alzheimer's disease (AD) expressing high levels of amyloid precursor protein (APP) with familial AD (FAD) mutations have proven to be extremely useful in understanding pathogenic processes of AD especially those that involve amyloidogenesis. We earlier described Austrian APP T714I pathology that leads to one of the earliest AD(More)
Double or multiple antigen labeling in IHC classically relies on the existence of primary antibodies raised in different species or of different IgG isotypes to ensure the specific labeling with the secondary detection systems. However, suitable pairs of primary antibodies are not always available or the best choice (e.g., as diagnostic tools). During the(More)
Colorectal carcinoma is a major cause of cancer associated with a high rate of morbidity and mortality in the western world. One of the pathologic features considered to be important for prognostic is mucin production. Many authors confirmed that colon carcinomas with high mucin content tend to re-occur locally and carry a poor prognosis. For histochemical(More)
INTRODUCTION Numerous anti-angiogenic agents are currently developed to limit tumor growth and metastasis. While these drugs offer hope for cancer patients, their transient effect on tumor vasculature is difficult to assess in clinical settings. Confocal laser endomicroscopy (CLE) is a novel endoscopic imaging technology that enables histological(More)
The tumor microcirculation is characterized by an abnormal vascular network with dilated, tortuous and saccular vessels. Therefore, imaging the tumor vasculature and determining its morphometric characteristics represent a critical goal for optimizing the cancer treatment that targets the blood vessels (i.e. antiangiogenesis therapy). The aim of this study(More)
The most common histologic feature in patients with frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) is intracellular brain inclusions of yet uncharacterized proteins that react with antiubiquitin (Ub) antibodies, but not with tau or synuclein (FTLD-U). We identified a four-generation Belgian FTLD family in which 8 patients had dominantly inherited FTLD. In one(More)
Aquaporin-4 (AQP4) and glutamate transporter-1 (GLT-1) represent the major water and glutamate astrocyte buffering gateways in the brain. Utilizing perilesional ischemic human cortices, we have performed here for the first time an integrative assessment on both AQP4 and GLT-1, and on their proximity to blood vessels and neurons. Counting the relative number(More)