Daniel Pens Gelain

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The molecular mechanisms underlying the cellular lost found in the nigrostriatal pathway during the progression of Parkinson's disease (PD) are not completely understood. Human neuroblastoma cell line SH-SY5Y challenged with 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) has been widely used as an in vitro model for PD. Although this cell line differentiates to dopaminergic(More)
We examined the antioxidant properties in vitro and the antinociceptive effect of carvacrol (CARV) in several models of pain in mice. CARV presented a strong antioxidant potential according to the TRAP/TAR evaluation; it also presented scavenger activity against nitric oxide and prevented lipid peroxidation in vitro. In mice, when evaluated against acetic(More)
This study evaluated the oxidative stress through enzymatic and nonenzymatic biomarkers in diabetic patients with and without hypertension and prediabetics. The SOD and CAT (in erythrocytes) and GPx (in plasma) enzymatic activities, plasma levels of lipid peroxidation, and total thiols were measured in the blood of 55 subjects with type 2 diabetes and 38(More)
Previously, we have demonstrated the analgesic-like property of p-cymene in rodents. Short half-life is a limitation for p-cymene application and several approaches have been used to improve pharmaceutical properties of monoterpenes, including the employment of drug-delivery systems. Here, we used p-cymene/β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) complex and p-cymene (PC)(More)
Sertoli cells have been shown to be targets for extracellular purines such as ATP and adenosine. These purines evoke responses in Sertoli cells through two subtypes of purinoreceptors, P2Y2 and P A1. The signals to purinoreceptors are usually terminated by the action of ectonucleotidases. To demonstrate these enzymatic activities, we cultured rat Sertoli(More)
Many plants produce (-)-linalool, a plant-derived monoterpene alcohol, including members of the Lamiaceae (mints) and Lauraceae family (laurels, cinnamon, rosewood). The anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects of (-)-linalool have been widely suggested for various studies. Poor chemical stability and short half-life restrain the clinical applications of(More)
AIMS To evaluate the antinociceptive effects of citronellal (CTL) on formalin-, capsaicin-, and glutamate-induced orofacial nociception in mice and to investigate whether such effects might involve a change in neural excitability. METHODS Male mice were pretreated with CTL (50, 100, and 200 mg/kg, ip), morphine (5 mg/kg, ip), or vehicle (distilled water(More)
The balance between production and clearance of reactive species is essential for cell survival. Antioxidant cellular systems evolved to maintain a redox homeostasis under different physiological and pathological conditions. Therefore, many authors aim at better understanding the mechanisms and functions of cellular antioxidant components and their(More)
Animal studies as well as prospective randomized clinical trials associated sepsis with redox imbalance and oxidative stress, but other studies failed to establish a correlation between antioxidant-based therapies and improvement of sepsis condition. This is also true for studies on the role of the chaperone heat shock protein 70 (HSP70), which is increased(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Remirea maritima Aubl., popularly known as "capim-da-praia", is popularly employed in the treatment of diarrhea, kidney disease, fever, and for analgesic and anti-inflammatory purposes through the preparation of teas. Few studies have focused on the chemical composition and its biological properties. AIM OF THE STUDY This(More)