Daniel Paris

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Alzheimer's disease (AD) has a substantial inflammatory component, and activated microglia may play a central role in neuronal degeneration. CD40 expression was increased on cultured microglia treated with freshly solublized amyloid-beta (Abeta, 500 nanomolar) and on microglia from a transgenic murine model of AD (Tg APPsw). Increased tumor necrosis factor(More)
Recently, it has been demonstrated that the CD40 receptor is constitutively expressed on cultured microglia at low levels. Ligation of CD40 by CD40 ligand on these cells results in microglial activation, as measured by TNF-alpha production and neuronal injury. However, the intracellular events mediating this effect have yet to be investigated. We report(More)
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative process characterized, in part, by the accumulation of beta-amyloid proteins (Aβ) in the brain. Evidence now suggests that the excessive Aβ accumulation is the result of impaired clearance from the brain. Recent studies have indicated that retinoid X receptor (RXR) activation stimulates the metabolic clearance(More)
The involvement of beta-secretase and gamma-secretase in producing the beta-amyloid component of senile plaques found in the brain of Alzheimer's patients has fueled a major research effort to design selective inhibitors of these proteases. Interestingly, gamma-secretase cleaves several proteins including Notch, E-cadherin, CD44 and ErbB-4 (erythroblastic(More)
Inflammation is believed to play an important role in the pathology of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and cytokine production is a key pathologic event in the progression of inflammatory cascades. The current study characterizes the cytokine expression profile in the brain of two transgenic mouse models of AD (TgAPPsw and PS1/APPsw) and explores the correlations(More)
beta-amyloid (Abeta) peptides are the major protein components of senile plaques in Alzheimer's disease (AD) brains. Vascular damage and reactive gliosis are found colocalized with amyloid deposits in AD brains, suggesting that the vasculature may be a clinically significant site of AD pathology. Our results show that freshly solubilized Abeta1-40 enhances(More)
Aβ deposits represent a neuropathological hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Both soluble and insoluble Aβ species are considered to be responsible for initiating the pathological cascade that eventually leads to AD. Therefore, the identification of therapeutic approaches that can lower Aβ production or accumulation remains a priority. NFκB has been(More)
A beta peptides are the major protein constituents of Alzheimer's disease (AD) senile plaques and also form some deposits in the cerebrovasculature leading to cerebral amyloid angiopathy and hemorrhagic stroke. Functional vascular abnormalities are one of the earlier clinical manifestations in both sporadic and familial forms of AD. Most of the(More)
It is well known that microglial cells perform a key role in mediating inflammatory processes, which are associated with neurodegenerative diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS). In this study, we report that CD40 expression on microglia is greatly enhanced by a low dose (10 U/ml) of IFN-gamma. We also find that ligation of microglial CD40 by CD40L(More)
Previous investigations have demonstrated the anti-inflammatory effects of cholinergic agonists, such as nicotine. In the present study, we investigated the potential anti-inflammatory activity of anatabine, a minor tobacco alkaloid also present in plants of the Solanacea family which displays a chemical structural similarity with nicotine. Our data show(More)