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Genetic control of experimental scrapie and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) was studied in inbred strains of mice by measuring the times from intracerebral inoculation with the agents to the onset of neurological dysfunction. Every strain of mice examined was susceptible to infection; however, a wide range of incubation times was found for both scrapie and(More)
A reproducible method was developed to determine the ability of chlamydial antigens to stimulate lymphocytes from volunteers. In tests repeated 4 to 14 times, the cells from a given volunteer gave a relatively narrow range of responses, but there were great differences in the mean response of different volunteers. In the entire group of 52 volunteers,(More)
Lymphocytes bearing the CD8 marker were shown to suppress replication of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells. The effect was dose-dependent and most apparent with autologous lymphocytes; it did not appear to be mediated by a cytotoxic response. This suppression of HIV replication could be demonstrated by the addition of(More)
Six isolates of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) showed differences in their ability to productively infect glioma-derived cell lines and early-passage human brain cell cultures. Susceptibility to HIV infection correlated well with the expression of the astrocyte marker glial fibrillary acidic protein. The CD4 molecule was expressed on some, but not(More)
The three year actuarial progression rate to the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) in a cohort of men in San Francisco who were seropositive for the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) was 22%. An additional 26 (19%) developed AIDS related conditions. Beta 2 Microglobulin concentration, packed cell volume, HIV p24 antigenaemia, and the proportion(More)
Scrapie is a slow infection of the nervous system which progresses in the absence of any apparent immune response. The recent development of a large-scale purification protocol for scrapie prions made it possible to obtain substantial quantities of electrophoretically purified prion protein (PrP 27-30) and we report here on the successful production of a(More)
This study investigated whether acute and persistent stressors and life change events were followed by changes in immune status, and whether dispositional optimism moderated these relationships. Thirty-nine healthy women ages 18-45 were followed prospectively for 3 months, with weekly assessment of acute and persistent stressors and monthly assessment of(More)