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Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a most severe microvascular complication which, if left unchecked, can be sight-threatening. With the global prevalence of diabetes being relentlessly projected to rise to 438 million subjects by 2030, DR will undoubtedly pose a major public health concern. Efforts to unravel the human genetics of DR have been undertaken using(More)
Although more than 20 genetic susceptibility loci have been reported for type 2 diabetes (T2D), most reported variants have small to moderate effects and account for only a small proportion of the heritability of T2D, suggesting that the majority of inter-person genetic variation in this disease remains to be determined. We conducted a multistage,(More)
It has been suggested that genetic susceptibility plays an important role in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy. A large-scale genotyping analysis of gene-based single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes identified the gene encoding acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase beta (ACACB) as a candidate for a susceptibility to(More)
A polymorphism in the ecto-nucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase 1 gene (ENPP1) (previously known as PC-1), resulting in an amino acid change from lysine to glutamine at codon 121 (K121Q), is associated with insulin resistance. A small follow-up study of patients with type 1 diabetes and proteinuria found that renal function declines more rapidly in(More)
Abnormal activation of protein kinase C-beta isoforms in the diabetic state has been implicated in the development of diabetic nephropathy. It is thus plausible that DNA sequence differences in the protein kinase C-beta1 gene (PRKCB1), which encodes both betaI and betaII isoforms, may influence susceptibility to nephropathy. Nine single-nucleotide(More)
This study was undertaken to identify genetic polymorphisms that are associated with the risk of an elevated fasting glucose (FG) level using genome-wide analyses. We explored a quantitative trait locus (QTL) for FG level in a genome-wide study from a Korean twin-family cohort (the Healthy Twin Study) using a combined linkage and family-based association(More)
Bishop, Pek, and Ngau (2005) found a significant interaction in Singapore between anger and nocturnal dipping among Indians but not Chinese and Malays. The current study examines the role of 5-HTTLPR genotype in this relationship. Two hundred thirty-one undergraduates participated in up to 4 days of 24-h ambulatory monitoring, completed the State-Trait(More)
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