Daniel N. Sauder

Learn More
In the epidermal compartment of skin, keratinocytes (KC), Langerhans cells (LC), and their soluble products, i.e. cytokines, constitute a unique immunologic microenvironment. KC participate in cutaneous immune responses by producing various cytokines. LC, a member of the dendritic cell (DC) family, represent the professional antigen-presenting cells in the(More)
The migration of epidermal Langerhans cells (LC) to lymph nodes (LN) is critical in the initiation of contact hypersensitivity (CHS) responses. Studies suggest that contact allergen-induced epidermal proinflammatory cytokines, including IL-1 and TNF-alpha, play important roles in promoting LC migration. Contact allergens also induce epidermal(More)
The role of CD4(+) vs CD8(+) T cells in contact hypersensitivity (CHS) remains controversial. In this study, we used gene knockout (KO) mice deficient in CD4(+) or CD8(+) T cells to directly address this issue. Mice lacking either CD4(+) or CD8(+) T cells demonstrated depressed CHS responses to dinitrofluorobenzene and oxazolone compared with wild-type(More)
Cytokines are polypeptide growth factors produced by most nucleated cells in the body, including epithelial cells, keratinocytes, and Langerhans cells in the skin. Cytokines can be classified into interleukins, tumor necrosis factors, chemokines, colony-stimulating factor, interferons, and growth factors. Like classic hormones, cytokines bind to specific(More)
Resiquimod is a Toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7) and TLR8 agonist that is a potent inducer of alpha interferon (IFN-alpha) and other cytokines. The effects of multiple applications of resiquimod gel were assessed in a randomized, single-blind, dose-ranging, placebo-controlled study with 41 healthy subjects. Over a 3-week period, 1-g doses of resiquimod or(More)
Contact hypersensitivity (CHS), a dendritic-cell (DC)-dependent, T-cell-mediated skin immune response to reactive haptens, has been a subject of intense research for many years. The molecular mechanisms underlying CHS are complicated and are not fully understood. During the past few years, varieties of gene-targeted knockout mice have been used in the study(More)
A fibronectin (Fn)-binding adhesin of Staphylococcus aureus contains three tandem 37- or 38-amino-acid motifs (D1, D2, and D3), which function to bind Fn. Plasma from patients with S. aureus infections contain antibodies that preferentially recognize ligand induced binding sites in the D motifs and do not inhibit Fn binding (F. Casolini, L. Visai, D. Joh,(More)
Human squamous carcinoma (COLO-16) cells release factors which specifically stimulate the synthesis of major acute-phase plasma proteins in human and rodent hepatic cells. Anion exchange, hydroxyapatite, lectin, and gel chromatography of conditioned medium of COLO-16 cells result in separation into three distinct forms of hepatocyte-stimulating factors(More)
The loss of tissue and organ function with age may depend on the inability of old cells to carry out specialized functions. Like other systems in the body, the immune system deteriorates with age. Over the past 10 years it has become clear that the skin can play an active role in immunological processes. In this report we evaluated changes in murine(More)
Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is an autoimmune blistering disease whose pathogenesis involves both humoral and cell-mediated immune response. Though the pathogenetic role of autoantibodies directed against desmoglein 3 is certain, a number of other factors have been suggested to determine acantholysis in PV. In this study we examined the possible role of CD8+ T(More)