Daniel N Johnson

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Decreased zinc levels are a hallmark of prostate cancer tumors as zinc uniquely concentrates in healthy prostate tissue. Increased dietary zinc correlates with decreased risk of advanced prostate cancer and decreased mortality from prostate cancer. The mechanisms of prostatic zinc homeostasis are not known. Lower zinc levels in the tumor are correlated(More)
The burgeoning obesity and diabetes epidemics threaten health worldwide, yet the molecular mechanisms underlying these phenomena are incompletely understood. Recently, attention has focused on the potential contributions of environmental pollutants that act as endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) in the pathogenesis of metabolic diseases. Because(More)
Environmental endocrine disruptors are implicated as putative contributors to the burgeoning metabolic disease epidemic. Tolylfluanid (TF) is a commonly detected fungicide in Europe, and previous in vitro and ex vivo work has identified it as a potent endocrine disruptor with the capacity to promote adipocyte differentiation and induce adipocytic insulin(More)
Langerhans cell histiocytosis involving the temporal bone region is uncommon and can resemble malignant neoplasms on imaging due to high cellularity. Although recognizing the presence of sharp margins with beveled-edges can be helpful, tissue sampling is often necessary for confirming the diagnosis. Cytology classically demonstrates kidney-bean shaped(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) acts as a ligand-dependent transcription factor with a key role in mediating adipocyte differentiation and insulin sensitivity. Recently, we and others have shown that PPARgamma recruits the nuclear corepressors NCoR and silencing mediator for retinoid and thyroid hormone receptors (SMRT) to(More)
Cervical chondrocutaneous branchial remnants are rare congenital choristomas. These lesions contain a cartilage core surrounded by skin with adnexal structures and subcutaneous fat. Correspondingly, on ultrasound there is a tubular hypoechoic core surrounded by hyperechoic, while on CT there is central intermediate attenuation surrounded by fat attenuation(More)
BACKGROUND Thyroid-related mortality has remained constant despite the increasing incidence of thyroid carcinoma. Most thyroid nodules are benign; therefore, ultrasound and fine needle aspiration (FNA) are integral in cancer screening. We hypothesize that increased nodule size at ultrasound does not predict malignancy and correlation between nodule size at(More)
BACKGROUND Although metastatic disease is commonly seen in high grade carcinomas of gynecologic origin, it also occurs in low to intermediate grade endometrioid carcinomas (LGEMCAs), and may even be the primary presentation of disease. Tissue confirmation is necessary to guide therapy, but performing biopsies might not always be feasible or practical. In(More)
Environmental pollutants acting as endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) are recognized as potential contributors to metabolic disease pathogenesis. One such pollutant, arsenic, contaminates the drinking water of approximately 100 million people globally and has been associated with insulin resistance and diabetes in epidemiological studies. Despite these(More)
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