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Activation of inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors (InsP(3)Rs) and ryanodine receptors (RyRs) can lead to the release of Ca(2+) from intracellular stores and propagating Ca(2+) waves. Previous studies of these proteins in neurons have focused on their distribution in adult tissue, whereas, recent functional studies have examined neural tissue extracted(More)
We studied inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP(3)) receptor-dependent intracellular Ca(2+) waves in CA1 hippocampal and layer V medial prefrontal cortical pyramidal neurons using whole-cell patch-clamp recordings and Ca(2+) fluorescence imaging. We observed that Ca(2+) waves propagate in a saltatory manner through dendritic regions where increases in the(More)
Spreading depolarizations are waves of mass neuronal and glial depolarization that propagate across the injured human cortex. They can occur with depression of neuronal activity as spreading depressions or isoelectric spreading depolarizations on a background of absent or minimal electroencephalogram activity. Spreading depolarizations are characterized by(More)
Calcium (Ca(2+)) release from intracellular stores plays a crucial role in many cellular functions in the brain. These intracellular signals have been shown to be transmitted within and between cells. We report a non-uniform distribution of proteins essential for Ca(2+) signaling in acutely prepared brain slice preparations and organotypic slice cultures,(More)
Ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) is known to inhibit the differentiation of rod photoreceptors from postmitotic precursor cells. During early postnatal development, photoreceptor precursors lose their responsiveness to CNTF. The underlying events causing this change in responsiveness are unknown. Moreover, whether rods express CNTF receptor alpha, a(More)
Following traumatic brain injury (TBI) SUR1-regulated NCCa-ATP (SUR1/TRPM4) channels are transcriptionally up-regulated in ischemic astrocytes, neurons, and capillaries. ATP depletion results in depolarization and opening of the channel leading to cytotoxic edema. Glibenclamide is an inhibitor of SUR-1 and, thus, might prevent cytotoxic edema and secondary(More)
As the population ages, emergency physicians are confronted with a growing number of trauma patients receiving antithrombotic and antiplatelet medication prior to injury. In cases of traumatic brain injury, pre-injury treatment with anticoagulants has been associated with an increased risk of posttraumatic intracranial haemorrhage. Since high age itself is(More)
After traumatic brain injury, a cascade of metabolic changes promotes the development of secondary brain damage. In this study, we examined metabolic changes in rats in the acute stage after trauma. Furthermore, we investigated the effect of a very early decompression craniotomy on intracranial pressure (ICP) and on metabolic parameters. For this study, a(More)
In the developing brain agents clinically used for the purpose of analgosedation can cause severe neurodegeneration. In patients with TBI analgosedation is a first-line treatment for intracranial hypertension. At the same time, damaged neuronal networks undergo conformational changes and use developmental mechanisms to restore brain function. Inhibition of(More)
Spreading depolarizations (SD) are waves of abrupt, near-complete breakdown of neuronal transmembrane ion gradients, are the largest possible pathophysiologic disruption of viable cerebral gray matter, and are a crucial mechanism of lesion development. Spreading depolarizations are increasingly recorded during multimodal neuromonitoring in neurocritical(More)