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The aim of this study was to compare proton T2 and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) variations induced by exercise in skeletal muscle, to provide some more information on the source of their variations. T2 and ADC were measured in the forearm flexor digitorum muscles in 12 healthy volunteers at rest and after an exercise, using a sequence allowing(More)
Metabolomics of tumors may allow discovery of tumor biomarkers and metabolic therapeutic targets. Metabolomics by two-dimensional proton high-resolution magic angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy was applied to investigate metabolite disorders following treatment by chloroethylnitrosourea of murine B16 melanoma (n = 33) and 3LL pulmonary(More)
The hypermetabolic nature of cancer cells and their increased reliance on "aerobic glycolysis", as originally described by Otto Warburg and colleagues, are considered metabolic hallmarks of cancer cells. BRCA1 is a major tumor suppressor in breast cancer and it was implicated in numerous pathways resulting in anticarcinogenic functions. The objective of our(More)
To investigate whether diffusion-related compartmentalization could be observed in skeletal muscle and whether this compartmentalization was affected by exercising, attenuation curves of signal against diffusion weighting were obtained in skeletal muscle of nine healthy volunteers at rest and after an exercise. Fifteen points were obtained for each(More)
N'-[2-chloroethyl]-N[2-(methylsulfonyl) ethyl]-N'-nitrosourea (cystemustine),a chloroethylnitrosourea antineoplastic drug, provokes cellular proliferation inhibition and redifferentiation, but there was no cell death in B16 melanoma tumors. Because the phospholipid (Plp) metabolism is tightly involved in tumor growth regulation and tumor cell survival, we(More)
In a previous study, it was reported that secondary untreated melanoma tumors implanted several weeks after and at distance from primary chloroethylnitrosourea (CENU)-treated tumors underwent differentiation and growth inhibition. To see whether the primary treated tumor released soluble factors that mediated the secondary tumor response, serum transfer(More)
There is growing evidence that docetaxel, a microtubule-targeting agent like the other taxane paclitaxel, induces dual cytotoxicity mechanism according to dose level. Postgenomics screening technologies are now more and more applied to the elucidation of drug response mechanisms. Proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy-based pharmacometabolomics was(More)
Recent NMR spectroscopy developments, such as high-resolution magic angle spinning (HRMAS) probes and correlation-enhanced 2D sequences, now allow improved investigations of phospholipid (Plp) metabolism. Using these modalities we previously demonstrated that a mouse-bearing melanoma tumor responded to chloroethyl nitrosourea (CENU) treatment in vivo by(More)
BACKGROUND BRCA1, the main breast and ovarian cancer susceptibility gene, has a key role in maintenance of genome stability, cell cycle and transcription regulation. Interestingly, some of the numerous proteins which interact with BRCA1 protein undergo conjugation with small ubiquitin-like modifiers (SUMO). This post-translational modification is related to(More)
Tumors frequently have abnormal L-methionine (Met) metabolism, the so-called Met-dependence phenotype that refers to the inability to proliferate in the absence of Met. However, the origin of this phenotype is still unknown and may arise from one of several pathways of Met metabolism. To help characterize the metabolic features of Met-dependent/independent(More)