Daniel Morvan

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BACKGROUND Curcumin (CUR) has deserved extensive research due to its anti-inflammatory properties, of interest in human diseases including cancer. However, pleiotropic even paradoxical responses of tumor cells have been reported, and the mechanisms of action of CUR remain uncompletely elucidated. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS (1)H-NMR spectroscopy-based(More)
Marine natural products are a source of promising agents for cancer treatment. However, there is a need to improve the evaluation of their mechanism of action in tumors. Metabolomics of the response to anti-tumor agents is a tool to reveal candidate biomarkers and metabolic targets. We used two-dimensional high-resolution magic angle spinning proton-NMR(More)
Recent NMR spectroscopy developments, such as high-resolution magic angle spinning (HRMAS) probes and correlation-enhanced 2D sequences, now allow improved investigations of phospholipid (Plp) metabolism. Using these modalities we previously demonstrated that a mouse-bearing melanoma tumor responded to chloroethyl nitrosourea (CENU) treatment in vivo by(More)
NMR spectroscopy-based metabolomics still needs development in quantification procedures. A method was designed for quantitative two-dimensional high resolution magic angle spinning (HRMAS) proton-NMR spectroscopy-based metabolite profiling of intact cells. It uses referencing of metabolite-related NMR signals to protein-related NMR signals and yields(More)
N'-(2-Chloroethyl)-N-(2-(methylsulfonyl)-ethyl)-N'-nitrosourea (cystemustine) is a chloroethylnitrosourea that has been used in the treatment of human melanoma. Its main antitumor effect is DNA damage to malignant melanocytes. Although unreported at present, other effects may also account for its cytotoxicity, some of them could be more or less delayed with(More)
Tumors frequently have abnormal L-methionine (Met) metabolism, the so-called Met-dependence phenotype that refers to the inability to proliferate in the absence of Met. However, the origin of this phenotype is still unknown and may arise from one of several pathways of Met metabolism. To help characterize the metabolic features of Met-dependent/independent(More)
We recently showed, using a parental double B16 melanoma tumor model that, in the presence of CENU-treated primary tumors, untreated secondary tumors exhibited growth inhibition. This response was shown to be related to CENU-induced bystander effects. To see whether CENU-induced bystander effects were still effective on non-parental syngeneic secondary(More)
The hypermetabolic nature of cancer cells and their increased reliance on "aerobic glycolysis", as originally described by Otto Warburg and colleagues, are considered metabolic hallmarks of cancer cells. BRCA1 is a major tumor suppressor in breast cancer and it was implicated in numerous pathways resulting in anticarcinogenic functions. The objective of our(More)
We study, in this paper, a model for the core of the system of the Glycerophospholipid metabolism in the murine cells. It comprises the simple and enzymatic reactions of PhosphatidylEthanolamine and the PhosphatidylCholine. The model's general structure is taken from a number of books and articles. We translate this model into a set of ordinary differential(More)
A phase imaging technique is proposed to map out and quantify gradient nonlinearities of small-sized insertable gradient coils, assuming the whole-body system gradients are highly linear in the domain of interest. The theory is developed and simple equations are derived to allow quantification. It is applied to a 4-loop 18-cm diameter cylindrical gradient(More)