Daniel Moos

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Metoclopramide is a useful medication in the anesthesia provider's armamentarium. Its primary indication in the preoperative phase is to reduce gastric contents and increase lower esophageal sphincter tone for pharmacologic pulmonary aspiration prophylaxis. Metoclopramide can precipitate extrapyramidal symptoms (EPS)/drug-induced movement disorders (DIMD).(More)
The application of cricoid pressure is a common technique used to decrease the risk of aspiration during anesthetic induction. Research recommends that 3 to 4 kg of cricoid force be applied to achieve effective esophageal occlusion. The purpose of this study was to assess perioperative nurses' knowledge regarding the recommended amount of cricoid force that(More)
Sevoflurane has rapidly replaced halothane as the inhaled anesthetic agent of choice for the pediatric population. Benefits of sevoflurane use include a quick induction and emergence from anesthesia, a nonpungent odor, which allows for mask induction, and decreased airway irritation, which results in a decrease in the incidence of bronchospasm and(More)
Postoperative central anticholinergic syndrome (CAS) is caused by anticholinergic medications that cross the blood-brain barrier. Medications with central anticholinergic effects block muscarinic cholinergic receptors, resulting in a wide array of symptoms. Symptoms may range from coma to a highly agitated state. CAS may be underdiagnosed because of its(More)
The application of cricoid pressure may reduce the incidence of pulmonary aspiration of gastric contents in at-risk patients. Cricoid pressure may be applied during intubation in a variety of settings including the operating room, postanesthesia care unit, intensive care unit, and emergency department. Significant deficits in cognitive knowledge and(More)
Benzocaine administration to facilitate upper endoscopic procedures can result in the relatively uncommon but potentially fatal complication known as methemoglobinemia. For this reason, the Veterans Health Administration (VA) announced on February 8, 2006, that they would stop using benzocaine-containing sprays for procedures involving the mouth and throat.(More)
Perianesthesia nurses care for patients who receive anesthesia, sedation, and analgesia. Anesthesia, sedation, and analgesia can adversely affect the patient with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). Increased patient morbidity and mortality have been associated with the perianesthesia management of the patient with OSAS and can potentially impact every(More)
Ambulatory surgery centers (ASCs) provide surgical care for patients not requiring hospital admission for their postoperative care. Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a disease process affecting every phase of anesthesia care delivery. The potential complications of OSAS and anesthesia care have been well documented in the preoperative,(More)
Corneal abrasion is the most common ocular injury occurring in the perioperative period. Corneal abrasion may occur during general anesthesia, monitored anesthesia care, regional anesthesia, or in the immediate recovery period. This injury is not usually apparent until the patient is in the PACU, and the perianesthesia nurse may be the first clinician to(More)