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Information specifying the future passing distance of an approaching object is available (in units of object size) in the ratio of optical displacement velocity and optical expansion velocity. Despite empirical support for the assumption that object size can serve as a metric in the perception of passing distance, the present series of experiments reveals(More)
The perceived direction of a grating moving behind an elongated aperture is biased towards the aperture's long axis. This "barber pole" illusion is a consequence of integrating one-dimensional (1D) or grating and two-dimensional (2D) or terminator motion signals. In humans, we recorded the ocular following responses to this stimulus. Tracking was always(More)
We investigated the effects of stationary and moving textured backgrounds on ocular and manual pursuit of a discrete target that suddenly starts to move at constant speed (ramp motion). When a stationary textured background was superimposed to the target displacement, the gain of the steady-state eye smooth pursuit velocity was significantly reduced, while(More)
When human subjects are presented with visual displays consisting of random dots moving sideways at different velocities, they perceive transparent surfaces, moving in the same direction but located at different distances from themselves. They perceive depth from motion parallax, without any additional cues to depth, such as relative size, occlusion or(More)
We present the first assessment of motion vision in childhood autism. Postural reactivity to visually perceived motion was measured in five autistic children and 12 normal controls of the same chronological age. Anteroposterior as well as total body sway occurring on a force platform in response to movements in the visual environment were compared. Autistic(More)
Motion transparency requires that the visual system distinguish different motion vectors and selectively integrate similar motion vectors over space into the perception of multiple surfaces moving through or over each other. Using large-field (7 degrees x 7 degrees) displays containing two populations of random-dots moving in the same (horizontal) direction(More)
Observers viewed random-dot optical flow displays that simulated self-motion on a circular path and judged whether they would pass to the right or left of a target at 16 m. Two dots in two frames are theoretically sufficient to specify circular heading if the orientation of the rotation axis is known. Heading accuracies were better than 1.5 degrees with a(More)
We measured spatiotemporal contrast sensitivity and gait variables in a 60-year-old man who had spontaneous episodes of freezing gait without any sign of rigidity or tremor. One major factor triggering freezing was the characteristics of visual space, as freezing episodes occurred during spontaneous walking and passing through apertures and never during(More)
How does the spatio-temporal structure of an oscillating radial optical flow affect postural stability? In order to investigate this problem, two different types of stimulus pattern were presented to human subjects. These stimuli were generated either with a constant spatial frequency or with a spatial frequency gradient providing monocular depth cues. When(More)
Gait analysis of 13 patients affected by Parkinson's disease (PD) and 7 healthy elderly volunteers was performed with a fully automatic motion analyser. The recording included stride parameters for walking velocity, stride length, stride duration and swing time. Maximal amplitudes of rotation of the hip, knee and ankle were also recorded. The analysis was(More)