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Sensation seeking is a personality trait characterized by risk-taking and the desire to experience novel stimuli. Evidence suggests that sensation seeking may increase an individual's psychological and neurobiological vulnerabilities to drug abuse. One potential animal model of human sensation seeking is high response to novelty in rats. High responders(More)
The serotonergic system is implicated in the regulation of mood and cognition. Acute tryptophan depletion (ATD) is an experimental procedure for lowering central serotonin levels. Here, the effects of ATD on psychomotor processing, declarative memory, working memory, executive functions and attention are discussed. The most robust finding is that ATD(More)
BACKGROUND Deep brain stimulation (DBS) for psychiatric indications is becoming increasingly safe and effective. As a result, the treatment of these conditions by neurosurgeons is becoming more widespread and a larger part of the functional neurosurgeons' practice. Given the troubled history of the field and its current renaissance, it is important to(More)
BACKGROUND Interest in neurosurgery for psychiatric diseases (NPD) has grown globally. We previously reported the results of a survey of North American functional neurosurgeons that evaluated general attitudes towards NPD and the future directions of the field. OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to expand on our previous work and obtain a snapshot(More)
OBJECT The purpose of this case review was to identify and analyze existing wrong-site craniotomy (WSC) cases to determine the factors that contributed to the errors and to suggest preventative strategies for WSC. Wrong-site surgery (WSS) is a devastating surgical error that has gained increased public attention in recent years due to some high-profile(More)
BACKGROUND There is no consensus on the best management of adults with presumed low grade glioma (LGG). Studies have suggested uncertainty and anxiety associated with a wait and see approach contribute to reduced quality of life. This study aims to explore the impact of a diagnosis of LGG, to address concerns regarding the uncertainty of the diagnosis and(More)
OBJECT Advances in the neurosciences are stirring debate regarding the ethical issues surrounding novel neurosurgical interventions. The application of deep brain stimulation (DBS) for treating refractory psychiatric disease, for instance, has introduced the prospect of altering disorders of mind and behavior and the potential for neuroenhancement. The(More)
The human auditory system is efficient at restoring sounds of interest. In noisy environments, for example, an interrupted target sound may be illusorily heard as continuing smoothly when a loud noise masks the interruptions. In quiet environments, however, sudden interruptions might signal important events. In that case, restoration of the target sound(More)
OBJECT Routine and nonselective use of awake and outpatient craniotomy for supratentorial tumors has been shown to be safe and effective from a medical standpoint. In this study the authors aim was to explore patients' perceptions about awake and outpatient craniotomy. METHODS Qualitative research methodology was used. Two semistructured, open-ended(More)
An interrupted sound can be perceived as continuous when noise masks the interruption, creating an illusion of continuity. Recent findings have shown that adaptor sounds preceding an ambiguous target sound can influence listeners' rating of target continuity. However, it remains unclear whether these aftereffects on perceived continuity influence sensory(More)