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OBJECTIVES This study was undertaken to describe the distribution of blood pressures, hypertension prevalence, and associated risk factors among seven populations of West African origin. METHODS The rates of hypertension in West Africa (Nigeria and Cameroon), the Caribbean (Jamaica, St. Lucia, Barbados), and the United States (metropolitan Chicago,(More)
Persons at high risk of cardiovascular disease can be effectively identified from a measurement of their serum cholesterol and blood pressure, a smoking history, an electrocardiogram and a determination of glucose intolerance. One general function for identifying persons at high risk of cardiovascular disease is also effective in identifying persons at risk(More)
Nutrient intake was determined in over 8000 men of Japanese ancestry residing on the island of Oahu. Nutrient determination took place at the initial examination during the years 1965-1968. This report relates nutrient intake to the risk of developing coronary heart disease in the 10 years subsequent to the initial examination. Men who developed coronary(More)
PURPOSE For this report, we examined the relationships between the conditions of being overweight and obese and mortality from all causes, heart disease, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. METHODS We defined the categories of body weight according to level of body mass index, BMI=wt(kg)/ht(m)2, using classifications suggested by the National Institutes(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to assess the mortality pattern of the adult Hispanic population in the United States. METHODS This was a cohort study using data from the National Health Interview Survey from 1986 through 1990. Deaths were ascertained by matching the National Death Index through 1991. RESULTS This representative national sample(More)
The authors examined the relation between self-reported health status and mortality among the following racial/ethnic groups: Native Americans, Asian/Pacific Islanders, blacks, whites, and Hispanics. They pooled 1986-1994 data from the National Health Interview Survey to obtain information on more than 700,000 cohort participants. Although fewer than 5,000(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the effects of testosterone supplementation on bone, body composition, muscle, physical function, and safety in older men. DESIGN Double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. SETTING A major medical institution. PARTICIPANTS One hundred thirty-one men (mean age 77.1 +/- 7.6) with low testosterone, history of fracture,(More)
Body mass index (BMI) is the most commonly used measure of obesity. Recently, some investigators have advocated direct measurement of adiposity rather than use of the BMI. This study was undertaken to determine the ability of BMI to predict body fat levels in three populations of West African heritage living in different environments. A total of 1,054 black(More)