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The aim of this study was to establish the suitability of terahertz (THz) transmission measurements to accurately measure and predict the critical quality attributes of disintegration time and the amount of active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) dissolved after 15, 20 and 25 min for commercial tablets processed at production scale. Samples of 18 batches of(More)
Continuous pharmaceutical manufacturing processes are of increased industrial interest and require uni- and multivariate Process Analytical Technology (PAT) data from different unit operations to be aligned and explored within the Quality by Design (QbD) context. Real-time pharmaceutical process verification is accomplished by monitoring univariate(More)
This work focuses on the implementation and application of an in-line particle measurement tool to monitor particle properties of hot-melt extruded pellets. A novel image analysis system (Eyecon) is used to analyze pellets with a size of approximately 1mm. The method is based on photometric stereo imaging, which is achieved by three different-colored light(More)
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a contact-free non-destructive high-resolution imaging technique based on low-coherence interferometry. This study investigates the application of spectral-domain OCT as an in-line quality control tool for monitoring pharmaceutical film-coated tablets. OCT images of several commercially-available film-coated tablets of(More)
Pharmaceutical solid dosage forms (tablets or capsules) are the predominant form to administer active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) to the patient. Tablets are typically powder compacts consisting of several different excipients in addition to the API. Excipients are added to a formulation in order to achieve the desired fill weight of a dosage form, to(More)
The objective of this study was to analyze differences in the subtle microstructure of three different grades of HMPC hard capsule shells using mechanical, spectroscopic, microscopic and tomographic approaches. Dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), vibrational spectroscopic, X-Ray scattering techniques as well as environmental(More)
This work demonstrates a new in-line measurement technique for monitoring the coating growth of randomly moving tablets in a pan coating process. In-line quality control is performed by an optical coherence tomography (OCT) sensor allowing nondestructive and contact-free acquisition of cross-section images of film coatings in real time. The coating(More)
The objective of this study is to propose a novel optical compressibility parameter for porous pharmaceutical tablets. This parameter is defined with the aid of the effective refractive index of a tablet that is obtained from non-destructive and contactless terahertz (THz) time-delay transmission measurement. The optical compressibility parameter of two(More)
The physical properties and mechanical integrity of pharmaceutical tablets are of major importance when loading with active pharmaceutical ingredient(s) (API) in order to ensure ease of processing, control of dosage and stability during transportation and handling prior to patient consumption. The interaction between API and excipient, acting as functional(More)
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has recently been demonstrated to measure the film coating thickness of pharmaceutical tablets and pellets directly. The results enable the analysis of inter- and intra-tablet coating variability at an off-line and in-line setting. To date, only a few coating formulations have been tried and there is very little(More)